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gsismunhandouts - P O SI T I O N P A P E RS A N D R E S O L...

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POSITION PAPERS AND RESO LUTIONS WRITING A POSITION PAPER Each delegation must submit a position paper. Using outside research, delegates should describe the essential stance their nation has on the issues being discussed. This position paper provides delegates with the facts and information in a quick glance and helps organize thoughts and arguments. A good position paper should include the following: How the problem affects the nation the delegate is representing; How similar problems have occurred and been addressed by your nation. Example: Your nation might have had a territorial dispute before and thus has background on how to solve it. Suggestions for possible solutions to the problem from in-depth research; How the delegate hopes to see the problem resolved in debate and in UN action; WHAT IS A RESOLUTION? Resolutions are the primary tools of discussion in the United Nations. They form the basis for all UN debate, bringing one or more issues to the floor in a form that Delegates can discuss, amend, and reject or ratify as circumstances dictate. Resolutions usually state a policy that the United Nations will undertake, but they also may be in the form of treaties, conventions and declarations in some bodies. They range from very general to very specific in content. Amendments to resolutions are the means by which resolutions may be altered by the body involved. Amendments would create additions, deletions or changes to a resolution in order to increase its acceptability to all nations involved.
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DRA F TING RESOLUTIONS Draft resolutions are written in a standard format. Each draft resolution should be written as a single sentence, with commas and semicolons separating the various parts. It is expected that all delegations will observe the following outline when preparing their resolutions: THE HEADING The Heading includes the subject of the resolution (agenda topic), the name of the Committee/Council to which it will be presented (General Assembly), and the name or names of sponsoring countries. THE TEXT A. PREAMBLE: This part of the resolution is designed to explain the purpose of the draft and to state the primary reasons for support of the operative clauses which follow. The preambulatory clauses often refer to earlier UN resolutions, appropriate articles of the UN charter, or other UN actions. It begins in all caps with the name of the body to which the resolution is being submitted. Th e pr e ambl e may not b e am e nd e d . B. OPERATIVE CLAUSES: The numbered operative clauses take the form of recommendations for actions or a statement of opinions concerning the situation. Operative clauses are the statement of policy in a resolution. The draft may request action by the UN members, Secretariat, or other UN bodies. The operative clauses begin with a verb to denote an action, and each clause usually addresses no more than one specific aspect of the action to be taken. Operative clauses may be amended.
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