POLS 1501 - POLS1501 Key Issues Implications of power...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLS 1501 13:43 Key Issues Implications of power politics for global war? System-level theories of war Can we escape the world of power politics Power Various measurements, fit into two broad categories: Capabilities Objective measures E.g. military strengths, economic strength, population, technology, number of nukes Influence Influence over outcomes Power Politics Anarchy Realist approach self help Insecurity no safety net Security dilemma – pursuit of “security” through militarization creates insecurity Given problem of security dilemma peace? Balance of Power Weaker countries align against stronger nations to prevent proponderance of power Preponderance of power – a state having too much power
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
If a major power feels like they’re blanced feel like cost of war outweighs the potential gains Sides chosen on basis of power Why peace? Increase prospective costs of war to both sides i.e. war becomes to costly not worth the gains Balance of threat Countries align against country that is viewed as most threatening E.g.western Europe after WWII Aligned with us against soviets cus soviets were more threatening even though US was more “powerful” Not really a realist theory Because its based on perceptions Why peace? Alliance ceters potential threat Use of balancing “defensive” realism – primary recommendation “classic” and “offensive” realism – one of several strategies offensive- assumes every state seeks power – revisionist states bandwagoning – align themselves with strongest country and coast through buckpassing – passing responsibilites to more “capable” countries Power but no anarchy Hegemonic stability theory
Background image of page 2
Hegemon peace and prosperity Hegemon: state with Preponderance of power (economic, military, cultural, ideological) Willingness to lead Why peace Hegemon provides public goods to the system Public goods – nonexclusive, nonrival Collective Action dilemma – public good + large group Public goods aren’t free though – need funding Who pays to provide this public good? Large groups – no direct accountability Security umbrella Market for imports, source of exports, financial assistance When did hegemony exist? Historically very rare… 15 th century Dutch UK during two separate periods US post WWII Hegemonic decline “imperial overstretch” hegemonic power overstretches
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Free rider issues Power Transition Theory Hierarchical system States differ by: Power holdings – weak vs. strong Satisfaction status quo vs. revisionist What causes wa? When a dissatisfied state becomes powerful When e.g. China grows faster than the us, it would eventually catch up If china is dissatisfied – war Which state characteristics increase chance of conflict? How do political scientists study wary?
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 18

POLS 1501 - POLS1501 Key Issues Implications of power...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online