Anth midterm review sheet

Anth midterm review sheet - Anthropology Prelim...

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Anthropology Prelim Identifications 1. Locate in course material – author, title 2. Explicate meaning of concept 3. Describe significance of concept within the author’s work 4. Significance of concept for anthropological study of medicine Healing/curing 1. Arthur Kleinman “Culture, Illness and Care.” (page 141-142) 2. Healing and curing are two clinical functions that are practiced by the traditional medical system and biomedical system. Healing is associated with the illness, whereas curing is associated with the disease. 3. It is an extension of Kleinman’s concept of ‘disease versus illness’ where disease is the physical symptoms that an individual has and the illness is the psychological and emotional altercation that the individual has. Traditional healing is concerned with the illness, or the human experience. Alternatively, biomedicine is concerned with the recognition and treatment of disease, or curing. Kleinman does not believe that one medical system should focus solely on healing and illness while the other emphasizes disease and curing. He believes integrating the two systems would foster a better medical practice that respects all social and culture views. 4. Healing/curing is a significant concept because it allows us to see how divided medical systems can be and how we tend to categorize our practice of medicine. By combining healing and curing we can perform better health care. Local Biology 1. Margaret Lock “The Making of Menopause”. 2. Local biology refers to the idea that the body is inseparably linked with place. The term describes the body as a simultaneous blend of cultural phenomenon and biological entity. 3. Lock believes the body is “permeated with culture.” She emphasizes that culture and biology are working together. The body is not an object, but rather a subject of experience and sensation. The body is an active agent and persists as a localized site of individuality. Lock uses this term when describing the difference in Menopause in the US vs. konenki in Japan. While some may see the two have overlapping features, each culture distinguishes the time period as their own. 4. Local biology is important in regards to anthropology in medicine because as medical practitioners, we cannot view culture apart from biology. Our culture influences our medical definitions. Culture and biology cannot be taken as exclusively determining or else we will fail to understand individuals from other cultures. Cultural Broker 1. Nancy Scheper-Hughes “Three Propositions for a Critically Applied Medical Anthropology”(page 190-192) 2. A Cultural Broker describes an anthropologist ‘serving in clinics’. They serve as the transition from anthropological knowledge to the needs of health practitioners. Essentially, the cultural Broker is the negotiator in the doctor-patient model.
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course ANTHR 2468 taught by Professor Langwick,s during the Fall '10 term at Cornell.

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Anth midterm review sheet - Anthropology Prelim...

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