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O PEN A CCESS IN THE NATURAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES : THE CORRESPONDENCE OF INNOVATIVE MOVES TO ENHANCE ACCESS , INCLUSION AND IMPACT IN SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION Chris Armbruster Research Associate, Max Planck Digital Library, Max Planck Society Invalidenstrasse 35, D 10115 Berlin Executive Director, Research Network 1989 Accepted for publication in Policy Futures in Education, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2008 Abstract Online, open access is the superior model for scholarly communication. A variety of scientific communities in physics, the life sciences and economics have gone furthest in innovating their scholarly communication through open access, enhancing accessibility for scientists, students and the interested public. Open access enjoys a comparative advantage across the science and humanities and it is therefore only logical that functional innovation and structural improvements should be similar in the natural and social sciences. A variety of innovative moves in the natural and social sciences are portrayed and analysed, demonstrating correspondence of the innovative logic across the disciplines even as solutions vary. Open access is technologically feasible and economically efficient. Moreover, open access has become vital to secure the continued advancement of knowledge. It may be expected that public and philanthropic funding will flow in the future only if public visibility and academic impact of the research results can be demonstrated. Keywords Scholarly communication, electronic publishing, STM publishing, publishing economics, open access, digital repositories, peer review, literature awareness tools
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2 Table of Contents 1. Introduction: Scholarly communication and open access 2. Open Access is feasible and likely - Comparative advantage, functional innovation and structural improvements - Copyright and authors’ rights: economics and ethics 3. Looking back: The commercialisation of scholarly communication and the rise of the internet - The journal article: recovering cost or maximising rent? - The rise of the internet: de-commodification of scholarly publishing? 4. Innovative moves in scholarly communication to increase access and enhance impact - Disciplinary repository and electronic distribution: ArXiv in physics and computing and the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) in economics and law - Online literature awareness tools: Living Reviews in physics and political science and Faculty of 1000 in biology and medicine - Peer review as inclusive scholarly communication: Athmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) and the Journal of Interactive Media in Education (JIME) - Reducing barriers and costs while accelerating and increasing publication rates: The Public Library of Science (PLoS) in biology and medicine and Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress) in economics and law - New modes of scholarly publishing: BioMed Central as a platform for open access journals and JSTOR as an electronic journal archive for the
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course SCIENCE PHY 453 taught by Professor Barnard during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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