ssrn-id958949 - LAW AND THE SCIENCE OF NETWORKS: AN...

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Electronic copy of this paper is available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=958949 L AW AND THE S CIENCE OF N ETWORKS : A N O VERVIEW AND AN A PPLICATION TO THE “P ATENT E XPLOSION By Katherine J. Strandburg, Gábor Csárdi, Jan Tobochnik, T ABLE OF C ONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 1294 II. NETWORK SCIENCE: WHAT IT IS AND WHY LEGAL SCHOLARS SHOULD CARE .............................................................. 1300 A. WHAT NETWORK SCIENCE IS . .......................................................... 1300 1. How to Describe a Network: Common Structural Signatures of Diverse Networks ....................................................................... 1301 a) Not Your Average Node: “Scale-Free” Degree Distributions. ...................................................................... 1302 © 2006 Katherine J. Strandburg, Gábor Csárdi, Jan Tobochnik, Péter Érdi, and László Zalányi † Katherine J. Strandburg is an Associate Professor, DePaul University College of Law. Gábor Csárdi and László Zalányi are doctoral students, Department of Biophysics, KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary, and Center for Complex Systems Studies, Kalamazoo Col- lege. Jan Tobochnik is a Dow Distinguished Professor of Natural Science, Department of Physics and Center for Complex Systems Studies, Kalamazoo College. Péter Érdi is a Henry R. Luce Professor, Departments of Physics and Psychology and Center for Com- plex Systems Studies, Kalamazoo College and Head, Department of Biophysics, KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sci- ences, Budapest, Hungary. The authors would like to thank David Adelman, Stacey Dogan, Rochelle Drey- fuss, Brett Frischmann, Jay Kesan, Michael Meurer, David G. Post, Joshua Sarnoff, par- ticipants at the Symposium on Complexity and Advanced Analytics Applied to Business, Government and Public Policy, University of Michigan-Dearborn, October 2004; the 2005 March Meeting of the American Physical Society; the Intellectual Property Scholars Conference at Cardozo Law School, August 2005; the Midwest Law and Economics As- sociation meeting, October 2005; the Colloquium on Technology, Innovation, and Intel- lectual Property Policy, University of Arizona Law School, November 2005; a faculty workshop at the University of Illinois College of Law; and the NetSci International Con- ference on Network Science, Bloomington, IN, May 2006, for helpful comments on this project. We are also grateful to Katherine Strandburg’s research assistants, Douglas Burda and Elizabeth Levine, for substantive comments and assistance with preparing the manuscript.
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Electronic copy of this paper is available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=958949 1294 BERKELEY TECHNOLOGY LAW JOURNAL [Vol. 21:4 b) Building Bridges: The Betweenness Metric. ...................... 1305
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ssrn-id958949 - LAW AND THE SCIENCE OF NETWORKS: AN...

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