14 - Eugenics Record Office Long island, 1904 Family...

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17:04 Origins of Race and Racialism Ancient Egypt: wall paintings Ancient Greece: outsiders inferior Ethnocentrism: your culture is the best  Medieval Times: St. Thomas Aquinas Divine justification  History of Racialism 1758: Carolus Linnaeus Homo sapiens with other primates Four Varieties: white, red, yellow, black Behavior Johann Blumenbach Races related 19 th  Century Racialism in western society Darwin: women similar to lesser races Links between apes and humans  Samuel Morton: 600 skulls C > M > N 1982: sample skewed  Colonization Manifest Destiny: Monogenesis Catholic Church
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Queen Isabella of Spain Polygenesis 20 th  Century” IQ Tests End of colonization era 1880 and 1920 40 million Europeans  Eugenics 1880s: Francis Galton Science of improving the human species Sterilization Inherited social traits Medellin genetics Social Welfare wrong Enabled unfit to multiply Charles B. Davenport
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Unformatted text preview: Eugenics Record Office Long island, 1904 Family histories, field studies Crime and “ Inherited Temperamental Instability” Sterilization US: 30 states 1935 to 1970 60,000 people Germany: 50,000 people per year Comte De Gobineau “Grandfather of Academic Racism” Aryan Supperace Kaiser Wilhelm II and Adolf Hitler Franz Boas Anthropologists 1912: Head shapes of Italian and Jewish children Ethnographic fieldwork Cultural differences African Americans Frederick Douglas Former Slave 1854: cranial similarities WEB Dubois PhD Harvard: 1859 Anti-Social Darwinism Heritage of slavery Anti-Ram Otto Klineberg Environmental influences on IQ WWII: Anti-Hitler ideals Anti-racist policies 1942: Ashley Montagu “Man’s Most dangerous Myth: The fallacy of race” 1950s: scientist antiracism 17:04 17:04...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course ANTH 1301 taught by Professor Zayatz-smith during the Fall '08 term at Texas Tech.

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14 - Eugenics Record Office Long island, 1904 Family...

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