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Shira Jacobson06/30/2020Written Assignment – Unit 2Factors Affecting PerceptionsBUS 5113: Organizational Theory and BehaviorProf. Dezi Waterhouse
Our perceptions, the way we interpret and perceive our environment and others plays asignificant role in determining our behaviors.Our perceptions are formed from variousinfluences throughout our lives, starting when we are very young. We develop perceptions ofothers and of our environment both in our day to day lives as well as at work.Perceptions can beespecially important in an organizational context.Some common factors that may causeerroneous perceptions are the Halo Effect, Projection, and Selective Perception.In this paper Iwill examine these effects more closely, and outline some of the perceptions that can occur as aresult of these factors, as well as their ultimate effect.Halo effectThe halo effect refers to the idea that we may form a general impression of someone, and thisimpression will directly affect how we perceive almost everything they do. When this happensthe positive impression, or halo, which may have been formed from an initial encounter willcarry over to other encounters and interactions with this individual. If we form a positive “halo”,then we are more likely to view everything they do as positive.The halo effect can be the result of an employee completing a particular project very well in thebeginning of his or her career, or shared value system, religious beliefs, or even hobbies whichwill create a lasting good impression.It could also be that the employee came at the

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Term
Summer
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Organizational studies, Organizational Theory and Behavior, Shira Jacobson

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