Chapter 3 - Chapter3 EssayQuiz 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Chapter 3 Essay Quiz 1. What characterizes an animal's capacity to learn and what sets it apart from humans? 2. Because culture is integrated, what other changes came about as a result of changing American  attitudes about women's careers? 3. How do people use culture actively? 4. How do direct, indirect, and forced diffusion differ? 5. What is an example of independent invention? Multiple Choice Quiz    1. Cultural learning depends on: A) biology. B) Globalization C) adaptation. D) diffusion. E) symbols. 2. The British anthropologist Edward Tylor said that culture is: A) acquired by a man as a member of society. B) adaptive. C) symbolic. D) transmitted through observation E) taught directly 3. Enculturation is: A) the process by which culture is reduced. B) the process by which culture becomes adaptive. C) the process by which a child learns his or her culture. D) the process by which a culture is transformed E) the process by which people subsist 4. Clifford Geertz characterizes culture as: A) a process of enculturation. B) a biological necessity. C) biologically adaptive. D) a set of control mechanisms that govern behavior. E) only partially shared. 5. An example of a cultural trait that typically is learned unconsciously is knowing: A) when to say "thank you."
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B) when to take out the trash. C) how far to stand away from someone during a conversation. D) how to write a college essay. E) how to pronounce "anthropology." 6. According to the doctrine known as "the psychic unity of man": A) regardless of their genes or physical appearance, people can learn any cultural tradition. B) there are always changes in the process by which a child learns his or her culture. C) culture is transmitted unconsciously. D) people use their cultural system to make judgments, define their world, and shape their  behavior and perceptions. E) culture is genetically programmed 7. The approach to culture that focuses on how individuals manage to influence, create, and  transform the world they live in is known as: A) globalization. B) practice theory. C) cultural relativism. D) Ethnocentrism E) Acculturation 8. For anthropologist Leslie White, culture originated when: A) people began to use enculturation. B)
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 1210 taught by Professor Dawn during the Summer '11 term at Dalhousie.

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Chapter 3 - Chapter3 EssayQuiz 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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