Chapter 5 - Chapter5 Keyterms

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Chapter 5  Key terms daughter languages  :Languages developing out of the same parent language; for example, French and  Spanish are daughter languages of Latin. diglossia  :The existence of high (formal) and low (familial) dialects of a single language, such as German. focal vocabulary:  A set of words and distinctions that are particularly important to certain groups (those  with particular foci of experience or activity), such as types of snow to Eskimos or skiers. historical linguistics:  Subdivision of linguistics that studies languages over time kinesics : The study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions. Lexicon:  Vocabulary; a dictionary containing all the morphemes in a language and their meaning. Morphology:  The study of form; used in linguistics (the study of morphemes and word construction) and for  form in general for example, biomorphology relates to physical form. Phoneme:  Significant sound contrast in a language that serves to distinguish meaning, as in minimal pairs. Phonemics:  The study of the sound contrasts (phonemes) of a particular language. Phonetics:  The study of speech sounds in general; what people actually say in various languages. Phonology:  The study of sounds used in speech. Protolanguage:  Language ancestral to several daughter languages Sapir-Whorf hypothesis:  Theory that different languages produce different ways of thinking. Semantics:  A language's meaning system. Sociolinguistics:
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 1210 taught by Professor Dawn during the Summer '11 term at Dalhousie.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter5 Keyterms

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