The process by which organisms cope with environmental stresses
Anthropology and education-
Anthropological research in classrooms, homes, and
neighborhoods, viewing students as total cultural creatures whose enculturation and
attitudes toward education belong to a larger context that includes family, peers, and
The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory,
and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems.
The branch of anthropology that reconstructs, describes,
and interprets human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains; best
known for the study of prehistory. Also known as archaeology.
Biological, or physical, anthropology
- The study of the human species and its
Cultural resource management
- The branch of applied archaeology aimed at preserving
sites threatened by dams, highways, and other projects.
- (sociocultural anthropologist) A student of social life and
culture, a practitioner of cultural anthropology, whether ethnology or ethnography.
- Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs; distinctly human;
transmitted through learning.
Specialized role acquired through a culturally appropriate process of selection,
training, certification, and acquisition of a professional image; the curer is consulted by
patients, who believe in his or her special powers, and receives some form of special
consideration; a cultural universal.
An etic or scientifically identified health threat caused by a bacterium, virus,
fungus, parasite, or other pathogen.
Field work in a particular culture.
- The theoretical, comparative study of society and culture; compares cultures
in time and space.
- The field of anthropology as a whole, consisting of cultural,
archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology.