Chapter1 - Chapter 1 Key terms Adaptation The process by...

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Chapter- 1 Key terms Adaptation- The process by which organisms cope with environmental stresses Anthropology and education- Anthropological research in classrooms, homes, and neighborhoods, viewing students as total cultural creatures whose enculturation and attitudes toward education belong to a larger context that includes family, peers, and society. Applied anthropology- The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. Archaeological anthropology- The branch of anthropology that reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains; best known for the study of prehistory. Also known as archaeology. Biological, or physical, anthropology - The study of the human species and its immediate ancestors. Cultural resource management - The branch of applied archaeology aimed at preserving sites threatened by dams, highways, and other projects. Cultural anthropologists - (sociocultural anthropologist) A student of social life and culture, a practitioner of cultural anthropology, whether ethnology or ethnography. Cultures - Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs; distinctly human; transmitted through learning. Curer- Specialized role acquired through a culturally appropriate process of selection, training, certification, and acquisition of a professional image; the curer is consulted by patients, who believe in his or her special powers, and receives some form of special consideration; a cultural universal. Disease- An etic or scientifically identified health threat caused by a bacterium, virus, fungus, parasite, or other pathogen. Ethnography - Field work in a particular culture. Ethnology - The theoretical, comparative study of society and culture; compares cultures in time and space. General anthropology - The field of anthropology as a whole, consisting of cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology.
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Health care systems -Beliefs, customs, and specialists concerned with ensuring health and preventing and curing illness; a cultural universal. Holistic - Interested in the whole of the human condition: past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture. Hominids - Members of the zoological family (Hominidae) that includes fossil and living humans. Illness - An emic condition of poor health felt by individual. Linguistic anthropology - The branch of anthropology that studies linguistic variation in time and space, including interrelations between language and culture; includes historical linguistics and sociolinguistics. Medical anthropology
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Chapter1 - Chapter 1 Key terms Adaptation The process by...

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