Lecture 10 - Interdisciplinary Studies and Careers in...

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nterdisciplinary Studies and Interdisciplinary Studies and Careers in Public Health and ealthcare Engineering Healthcare Engineering. James D. McGlothlin, M.P.H., Ph.D., C.P.E. Technical Director: Regenstrief Center for Healthcare Engineering Director, Graduate Program in Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences McGlothlin, HSCI 101
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eywords Keywords ublic Health • Public Health • Healthcare Engineering egenstrief Center for Healthcare • Regenstrief Center for Healthcare Engineering stitute of Medicine (IOM) • Institute of Medicine (IOM)
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Making the case for Public Health and Healthcare Engineering utline of presentation: • Outline of presentation: – Healthcare facts hat is wrong and what is right about What is wrong and what is right about healthcare in the United States – Applications of public health and healthcare engineering in hospital environments – Use of Virtual Reality to design the hospital f the future – nd the future is now at of the future and the future is now at Purdue!
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Special thanks to: François Sainfort, Ph.D. Georgia Tech for providing information he provided in the first part of this presentation.
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ublic Health and Healthcare Public Health and Healthcare Engineering Think about leveraging the best of Purdue and what it can do for you.
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10 LEADING CAUSES OF Death in US by Age, All Races, Both Sexes
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ealth Care Facts – nited States Health Care Facts United States • $57,000/second; $1.779 Trillion $, / ; $ • 15.4% of GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) • 7.2% projected annual growth rate • 31% of health care costs are administrative • $12B - wasted in logistics per year • 47M - uninsured 16% pop; +17M since 1989 • ~80% - chronic diseases 5% ealth $ linked to risky behaviors • 25% - health $ linked to risky behaviors GDP: The value of all goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.
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ndustry Performance Industry Performance ealth Care ther Industries Health Care Other Industries Medical records Federal Express z 5-10% misplaced z 1/100,000 misplaced Hospital transactions Banking transactions z 2% or higher error rate z 1/10,000,000 error rate Medication administration Plane landing/takeoff z 7-10% error rate z 1 in 1,000,000 miles Appointment scheduling Hertz #1 reservations z Give info each time z Customer profile stored
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Why the Difference in Healthcare? ragmented industry Fragmented industry • Complex system – Nonlinear, dynamic, uncertain ulti gent multi takeholder multi ttribute – Multi-agent, multi-stakeholder, multi-attribute • Lack of business case: value proposition • Lack of accountability • Misaligned reward/incentive structures • Lack of product/process specifications uality issues – Quality issues – Complexity of health care process & outcomes measurement tc • Etc.
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Incremental Trial-and-Error Approach to Improvement • Technology push rather than requirements pull • Changes implemented and tried as overlays • Focus on stovepipes, not the systems • Too busy to recognize opportunities
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Five Institute of Medicine (IOM) Reports 999: “To Err Is Human”:
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course HSCI 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Lecture 10 - Interdisciplinary Studies and Careers in...

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