Exam 1...Chapter 2 Outline

Exam 1...Chapter 2 Outline - Fall 2011: Professor Moses PSY...

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Fall 2011: Professor Moses PSY 331 Chapter 2: Outline for Exam 1 THE HUMAN HERITAGE: GENES AND THE ENVIRONMENT Chapter Organizer Below are specific topics to focus on in preparation for the first exam. Genetic transmission through sexual reproduction Mitosis: What is the process? What does it generate? Meiosis: What is the process? What does it generate? What impact does it have? Crossing over: What is it and what impact does it have? Sex determination: How does it add variation to the range of possible outcomes? Key concepts: Conception, chromosomes, DNA, genes, proteins, germ cells, somatic cells, zygote, polygenic traits, discrete traits, mutation Genotype and phenotype The laws of genetic in heritance Principles of genetic inheritance, allele combinations and outcomes Key concepts: • Allele, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, recessive, codominant • genotype, environment, phenotype (e.g., Genes and Traits, pg 60) Sex-linked chromosomes and characteristics. How do they introduce risk
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Exam 1...Chapter 2 Outline - Fall 2011: Professor Moses PSY...

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