MOS 5301 Unit 2 course project.docx - Running Head THE FIRE...

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Running Head: THE FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 1 The Fire Suppression Systems Unit II Course Project Frank J. Seay II Columbia Southern University MOS 5301- Fire Protection Technology
THE FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 2 Fire Prevention is a very broad, but very important topic in the fire service. As the old saying goes, “An ounce of prevention, is worth a pound of cure” (Goodreads, 2020). Even though this phrase was originally said in the context for the medical field, it is still very true in the industry of fire safety. There are numerous parts within the scope of “fire prevention”. One of the most important items that fall under fire prevention would be the design and use of a fire protection and fire suppression systems. A fire suppression system is designed to help keep the fire from growing larger or fully extinguishing the fire when activated. These systems are designed to be used for the type of building and the storage inside the building. This means that different buildings and occupancies would require different types of systems. There are numerous different types of fire protection and suppression systems in use in the world today. Some of these systems include automatic fire protection, detection and alarm systems, automatic fire suppression systems, manual fire alarm systems, and manual fire suppression systems (Brakhage et al., 2016). When these systems are installed correctly and functional, lives and property can be saved from fire. The example of the City of Washington Warehouse fire is an example of what can happen when there is no system or the current system is inadequate for the building.
THE FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS 3 Section 1 Existing Fire Protection, Detection and Suppression Systems In this Points to Ponder scenario, the current system failed to activate and control the fire during this incident. The fire started when a welding crew was welding too close to combustibles and the sparks from the welding started a fire. At the time of the fire, the fire suppression system in the building were designed for the storage of noncombustible materials, not the storage of combustibles. Over time, the building had been renovated, adding 10,000 square feet to the building and now stores copious amounts of combustibles to include coffee, cardboard and cooking oils. The building was equipped with a foreign made fire pump to help augment the fire suppression system. However, the system was not UL compliant, and there was a known problem that the available water supply coming into the building was not adequate for the fire pump and suppression system. The report also shows that the system with the fire pump was still inadequate even if it had operated to its full capacity. The report noted that that the fire suppression system was barely operational in most parts of the building. The exact cause was not stated. It could be a maintenance or even a housekeeping issue, but this issue is in noncompliance with NFPA 25 that requires annual testing and maintenance of all water based fire suppression systems (NFPA, 2019).

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