Animal Science 224 Study Guide
What do these terms mean?
Opportunist – like crows, found a niche around human environment (can live in extremes)
Mutualistic – specis that is wild but interact with other species
Domestic – animals from wild, and altered by handling reproduction
Feral – domesticated animal that has been returned to natural state
What do cats/dogs originate from? – miacids: tree dwelling, plantigrade
When did dogs first appear to be domesticated? 15,000 years ago
What are some criteria used to determine origin of domesticated animals?
Physical, ability to intermate, similar chromosome, gene homology
How long ago was it expected that dogs stopped intermixing with wolves?
8,000 years ago (once livestock was prominent)
Where was it expected that dogs were domesticated? East Asia
Where did dingos arise from? – Migrated to Australia 5,000 years ago
What are the three families of cats? –
Felis – small cats – puma, mountain lion
Pantera – leopard, lions, tigers
Acinonoyx - cheetah
Where and when were cats worshipped?
Egypt, 4,500 years ago
What are the possibilities of what cats were domesticated from?
African wildcat – sylvestris lybica
European wildcat – sylvestris sylvestris (probably from European)
When did domestication of cats begin? 10,000 years ago
What are some characteristics of mastiff type dogs?
Lots of muscles: mastiffs, boxer, rottweiler
What are some characteristics of wolf-like dogs?
Wolf-like, erect ears, curling tails, (sled dogs, asian lap dogs, basenjis)
What are the 7 groups of the AKC?
Working, sporting, hound, terrier, non=sporting, herding, toy
What are some examples from each?
Toy – Japanese chin, cavalier kin charles, pug, Pomeranian,
Working – malamute, mastiffs, saint Bernard, doberman
Sporting – spaniels, retrievers, poiners
Herding – collies, corgi, sheepdogs,
Terrier – west, kerry blue, bull, airdale
Hound – beagle, bassett, Rhodesian ridgeback, greyhound, hounds
Non=working – dalmation, poodle, chow chow, bulldog, boston terrier, shar-pei
What are coat colors common to dogs?
Basic colors, sable, merle, ticking, brindle, splashed, pinto/piebald, bringaling, black with tan points
Give a description of each
Sable – black tipped hairs, overlaid on different colors (usually lighter)
Merle – produces irregular dark blotches against light background
Ticking – presence of small areas with dark hairs interspersed with lighter colors hairs over coats
Brindle – coat w/ black or dark hairs interspersed with lighter hairs in stripedish pattern
Pinto/piebald – irregular colored patches on white background
What are the basic cat coat colors?
Bicolor, calicos, tabby (mackerel, blotched, classic, ticked), tortoiseshell