Biotech paper .docx - Bio 181 Lab Dr. 3-30-17 Organ/Tissue...

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Bio 181 LabDr.3-30-17Organ/Tissue TransplantAs a patient or loved one of the patient, an organ and tissue transplant operation mightseem scary when first coming to realization that this is an operation needing to be done. Organand tissue transplants are a part of medical history that is used every day and will continue to beused by doctors. In the 18thcentury, transplants were tested on humans and animals, but therewas not a successful transplant till the 20thcentury.Dr. Joseph Murray preformed the first kidneytransplant in 1954. The first lung and heart transplant was done by Dr. Bruce Reitz in 1981(Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, n.d.). The first skin transplant was performedin 1869, in 2010 in Spain at theVall d’Hebron Hospital the first full face transplant was donesuccessfully (Timeline of Historical Events and Significant Milestones, n.d.). An interestingaspect of organ and tissues transplant is the fact that it can come from somebody else’s body andadapt to the new patient’s body. Organ and tissue transplants are an important part of medicinebecause they give terminal and severely ill patients a second chance at life, despite fewdisadvantages to both of these surgeries. Organ and tissues transplants have a complicatedprocedure to insure the organ or tissue will take to the body correctly.Organ transplants save 5,367 of lives per year (UNOS, n.d.). An organ transplant is a longand intricate process that requires getting placed on a transplant list. If someone gets put on thedonor list, it can take years for their name to come up, but if they are in a critical condition andsomeone has passed away during that same time frame then it can be less then 24 hours for themto get their new organ. In a situation where someone has passed away in the hospital and they are

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Kidney transplant

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