This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: electrons • Inductive effects: through σ-bonds • Resonance effects: through π-bonds 2 Substituted Benzenes (18.6) • Electron donating groups (EDGs) make the aromatic ring “electron rich” • Electron withdrawing groups (EWGs) make the aromatic ring “electron poor” • Inductive and resonance effects can reinforce or oppose one another! Free Energy Diagram for EAS EDG’s increase rate (activating) EWG’s decrease rate (deactivating)...
View Full Document
- Spring '11
- Organic chemistry, Benzene, Mal, benzene ring, Electron donating groups, electron withdrawing groups