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Unformatted text preview: electrons Inductive effects: through -bonds Resonance effects: through -bonds 2 Substituted Benzenes (18.6) Electron donating groups (EDGs) make the aromatic ring electron rich Electron withdrawing groups (EWGs) make the aromatic ring electron poor Inductive and resonance effects can reinforce or oppose one another! Free Energy Diagram for EAS EDGs increase rate (activating) EWGs decrease rate (deactivating)...
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- Spring '11
- Organic chemistry