RLG100 - Chinese Religions

RLG100 - Chinese Religions - Chinese Religions Thursday,...

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Chinese Religions Thursday, March 17/ 2011 Two different systems of trans-literation from Chinese into English: 1. Opinion System 2. Wai Giles System Chinese Religions Chinese History – linked to series of dynasties Earliest archaeological evidence – from Shang Dynasty (c. 17 th -11 th c. BCE) – it did exist, but its so long ago that we don’t know that much about it Belief in Supreme Being (Shangdi) – we find this everywhere, but in Buddhism there is a denial of this Zhou Dynasty (c. 1100-256 BCE) – concept of Tian (generally translated “Heaven”) – translated differently based on people’s perception. A force rather than a place, but it could be a place in heaven, and a moral principle Similar to the Greek notion of the “Good” Characteristics of ancient Chinese belief: Many spirits/deities (all religion has its origins has its belief in spirits of humans/animals/etc) Veneration of ancestors (spirits that you have to look up to, etc – a form of ritual surrounding this) Discerning patterns in the natural world, including divination Manual of divination – Yijing (I Ching) Designed around 64 sets of hexagrams – important in Confucianism and Daoism Complementary forces of the universe – yang and yin
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RLG100 - Chinese Religions - Chinese Religions Thursday,...

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