RLG100 - Christianity Continued

RLG100 - Christianity Continued - Christianity Continued...

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Christianity Continued Thursday, October 28 th / 2010 4 th century = one of the turning points of Christianity (from an outlawed religion to the state religion of the Roman Empire) 313 CE – Roman emperor Constantine allows free practice of Christianity 381 CR – Roman emperor Theodosius makes Christianity state religion in empire [Constantine might have see Jesus as a “good fellow” and important for him] [It was becoming an important concept of maintaining Christianity, and making it a political importance because it was a potential source of stability and unity] [This will allow the structure of the church to be more open, and the ability to define itself] By the 4 th century, you have two halves of an empire (west and east side), different cultures, languages, and political ideals on both sides – the western half gets overrun, and by the 5 th -6 th centuries, the west is gone, but the eastern part survived (the Byzantine Empire) Split of Roman Empire and development of Byzantine Empire (Eastern) – led to two distinct forms of Christianity West – Roman Catholicism East – Eastern orthodox Latin Greek Based in Rome Based in Constantinople Filioque doctrine Rejection of filioque Fewer icons More icons Focus on crucifixion; sin/redemption (due to a political vacuum in the west) Focus on mysticism; Resurrection Bishop of Rome primary Bishop of Rome not considered primary filioque – “and from the Son” Contention that the Holy Spirit comes from the Father and the Son 1054 – Schism Bishop of Rome – Pope (from Latin papa, “father”) Tradition – descended from Apostle Peter The pope tries to fill the void by trying to be a temporal authority The pope is important in Western European politics Early councils: Nicaea (325) and Chalcedon (451) Nicaea – canon formed ( aprocrypha excluded), Nicene Creed developed Other gospels that might not be aligned with official church teachings would be destroyed Some believe that Jesus was “created” by God…however, others saw him as an extension of God Nag Hammadi (in Egypt)…found this cash of texts – and you find gospels (Gnostic gospels)
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Chalcedon – question of exact relationship of Jesus to God debated Both fully human and fully divine simultaneously Augustine (354-430): Bishop of Hippo (North Africa) Wrote Confessions and City of God Confessions = first autobiography The human body is dirty by nature…the concept of original sin Did not have a kind view of women City of God = relationship of the church as an institution in society, and the rest of society
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course RELIGION 100 taught by Professor Andremaintenay during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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RLG100 - Christianity Continued - Christianity Continued...

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