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1. You hook up a light bulb (unknown resistance) to a battery (unknown voltage), and
measure the current using an ammeter, as shown in Circuit 1. The ammeter has no
internal resistance (i.e. it has no effect on the circuit other than to measure the current).
You find that the current in
Circuit 1 is 0.6 A
. You then add an identical light bulb as
shown in Circuit 2.
a) Using just the information given above,
what current will you measure in Circuit 2?
Use the energy density equation to justify your answer.
Going around the Circuit 1 in a complete loop, we get
, which leads to
I
1
/R
. Since the
current in circuit 1 is .6 A, we now know that
/R = .6 A.
Going around Circuit 2 in a complete loop, remembering that the battery is the same, and that we have added
another identical resistor, we get
.
So now we have
I
2
=
/2R = (.6 A)/2 = .3 A.
b) You now use a voltmeter to measure the voltage difference between points 1 and 2 and find that
. Using your
answer to part a), and the appropriate energy density equation, find the
resistance of the light bulb in Ohms (Ω).
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 Spring '07
 JOHNCONWAY
 Energy, Potential Energy, Work, Quadratic equation, Energy density, Energy Density Equation

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