Dual Credit History Notes Pt. 1.docx - -DUAL CREDIT HISTORY...

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-DUALCREDITHISTORY1)Native America Culture’s before European Colonization: 5mcqi)The people who came (hunter-gatherers)FoodConnections to one another ReligionMen and womenCommon technology/ culture -desire to meet new people and share information with themBeginning of native population in America began with the people who crossed the land bridge2)Regional Differencesii)The Eskimos, Inuit’s, and Aleuts (descendants of the people who crossed the land bridge) Original developers of technology Totem polesSignificanceiii)The AnasaziDevelopment of dwellingsKiva (dwellings in the ground) Food: irrigation; farmed collectively Cooperation- cities, civilizationsRoads- speed up trade/communicationTrade- jade beadsCanyon communities- built homes in the canyonRelatively successful (economically) Aztecs attacked Anasazi3)Cahokia (Mississippi River):
Lodges- wooden homes/good farmersTrade- river allowed for easy trade/ got richerCities- one of the biggest populations/culturesMounds- big piles of dirt/ pyramid shaped, tallInfluence iv)Class distinctions *political leaderspeasants 4)Clash of Cultures in NA: (Christopher Columbus, Plymouth, etc.) 3 mcqv)Eastern Woodlands Indians: primarily farmersvi)Social classes- well respected not respectedMatrilineal – members of mother’s familyMen- spiritual leaders, hunt, fight, made tools for hunting and fightingWomen- did everything elseLand- did not believe in individual land ownershipPersonal property- had individual possessions but not landSpirits- had to be kept happy so village would prosperRespect- generosity, giving *earned respect; gave women influence, could say whateverConformity- no free thinkers unless they think you’re a religious leader5)West African Culture: Enslaved and exported (west coast of Africa)Family -was everythingMen and women- did same work- big negative for slavery; women used for hard agricultural labor; women almost as valuable as menSpirit world- believed in evil spirits; if they did something wrong, the spirits would affect them negativelyImportance of ancestors -keep happy; perform rituals at gravesite to do so2
Different concepts of slavery- traumatic; west African’s enslaved each other first, practiced slavery first (slavery was a temporary situation unlike the Americas); wasn’t based on race (unlike NA); not hereditary (unlike NA)6)European Culture:i)The Renaissance-the relearning of science, math, and technologyii)Europeans had a technological advantage over Native American’siii)Reformation: the division of western Christianity; Catholics vs. Protestantsiv) 15thcentury: challenged authority of the church; 16thcenturySpain (C) spread Catholicism wherever it wentEngland (P) leading protestant nation; create protestant in the America’s The reformation in England- England was the last European nation to establish colonies in the America’s; was Jamestown7)The Columbian Exchange:i)Exchange of animals, plants, and diseases between NA and Africaii)

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