03PPT - Chapter Three World War I Through the Perspectives...

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Chapter Three World War I Through the Perspectives
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Realist explanations for World War I Rise of German power: Following German reunification in 1871, a disruption in the balance of power in one part of Europe was more likely to trigger a wider war. In addition to political unification, Germany was growing economically and had a strong power conversion.
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The Triple Entente (Great Britain, France + Russia) and Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary + Italy) offered a near- perfect offset of each other (equilibrium), but some believe it failed because it was so rigid. Although power was balanced for the time being, Germany feared future imbalances, particularly from the growing power of Russia.
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Britain, the previous hegemon, had seen its power decline at the turn of the twentieth century; thus it could no longer guarantee the security of Europe. A domestic-level realist explanation holds that German domestic politics were unduly aggressive, causing the country to go to war.
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03PPT - Chapter Three World War I Through the Perspectives...

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