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HUMA241B_Lecture+Seven - The ideal type of local...

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HUMA 24 1B 20 /02/ 2008 Lecture Seven Social Foundation of Ancient Chinese Empire Terms and events: 郡縣制 commandery-county system 編戶齊民 commoners registered by the authority li land allocation( 占田 ) for purpose of tax and military mobilization state monopoly on salt and iron 鹽鐵專營 1. Commoners in an egalitarian society 爵制和次序 Chances for being granted with honors 爵: military campaigns 军功, donations (grains & cash) to support the state 鬻爵, imperial celebrations and festivals 赐民爵 西嶋定生 Nishijima Sadao on formation of ancient Chinese empire: 秦漢帝國的基本 結構是由皇帝施行的個別人身支配,庶民由于被赐与爵,在里形成身份性的次序,赋予 其日常生活以规律 Li and local control
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Unformatted text preview: The ideal type of local administration in the Qin-Han empire: a system of walled urban communities 2. Financing empire-making: taxation and corvee service Tax personally rather than family- or land-based Major kinds of tax burdens: Poll taxes ( 算 ) in cash or in kind and land taxes Corvee service: all males of a certain age The monetarized state revenue—why was the money important for the sovereignty? The ambiguous role of the merchants in empire-making 3. The rise of the literati class 儒生阶层的兴起 The difference between clerks 吏 and literati 儒 Education and the rise of the literati class Changes in state ideology: from the legalism to Confucianism Discourse on salt and monopoly 81 B.C. Why did the Confucian finally win?...
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  • Spring '11
  • Yu
  • Taxation in the United States, Chinese philosophy, Corvée, Seven Social Foundation of Ancient Chinese Empire, ancient chinese empire

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