HUMA241B_LectureEight - The heated conflicts at the Han...

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HUMA 24 1B 25 /02/ 2008 Lecture Eight The Collapse of Ancient Chinese Imperialism and its Legacies Terms and events: Landed aristocracy 豪(士)族 The great proscription 党锢之祸 The Yellow Turban Revolt 黃巾軍叛亂 1. The weakening of the central power The decline of the military meritocracy—change in military establishment Inequality and migration vs. the imperial mechanism based on a commanding system Emperor Guangwu ( 5 B.C.—57 A.D.) and his policies in maintain the empire Eastern Han politics Shifts from coercive control to negotiated power Abolishment of the universal military service The rise of landed aristocracy and the shift of power to great clans The foundations of the aristocracy: land, lineage, office and culture 3. The end of the Han Empire: threats from within
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Unformatted text preview: The heated conflicts at the Han court in the last century—enuchs, 外戚 relatives of empress and local politicians Wars and chaos in the last reign—the crisis of 168 and 党锢之祸 ; the Yellow Turban Revolt; the seizure of Luoyang by Dong Zhuo 董卓 in 189 4. Legacies of ancient Chinese imperialism Costs and risks inherent in the imperial system: potential enemy from everywhere The emperorship and the imperial system The first major attempt to adminster the populace based via a bureaucratic body The changing relationship with the conquered non-Chinese people—a far-reaching consequence of Han imperialism What chiefly caused the collapse of ancient empire? Peasant rebellion, faction politics, and emperors...
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