HUMA241B 11/02/08 Lecture Four Merchants, Farmers, and Bureaucracy People and Terms Bronze coins銅錢Urbanization Fan Li (范蠡陶朱公) Lyu Buwei (吕不韦) 1. Economic growth occurred in a transitional period a. Agriculture—the emergence of private landownership; family-based farming technology Living standards of a peasant family in the warring states period b. Urbanization—rapid growth of cities in both number and size c. Commerce—the rise of a market economy Did the majority farmers benefit from economic growth? 2. Rise of a commercial world a. Long-distance (international) trade at the incipient stage: evidence of travels of merchants and their wealth: Fan Li (范蠡陶朱公), Lyu Buwei (吕不韦, 《呂氏春秋》). b. Goods for long-distance trade: salt, grain, textile, and lacquer. c. Commercial centers: Linzi (臨淄the Qi capital), Handan (邯鄲) in Zhao, Wan (宛) d. Overland communication—a better road system.
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