HUMA241B_LectureOne - the Zeng Kingdom in Hubei...

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HUMA241B 01/02/08 Lecture One Introduction Terms and Dates The Western Zhou (1027-771 B.C.) Eastern Zhou (771-256 B.C.): Spring and Autumn (722-481 B.C.) Warring States (403-221 B. C.) Qin Shihuang (First Emperor, 260-210 B.C.) The Qin unification (221 B.C.) 1. The Zhou dynasty: government and feudalism Early Chinese state formation: strong association between ritual and military power The Western Zhou (1027-771 B.C.) Why the Zhou model literally and in part institutionally, lasted through Chinese history? Concept of rulership: mandate of heaven; the Classics of Change (Yijing 易經 ) Political system—the Zhou feudalism 分封 2. Life and education of the nobility How did the nobility live in the Zhou dynasty? The gift economy for the top of Zhou society: the example of the tomb of Marquis Yi of
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Unformatted text preview: the Zeng Kingdom in Hubei ( 曾侯已墓 ); Where comes from moral strength? “ 為政以德,譬如北辰,居其所,而眾星共之 .” “ 道之以政,齊之以刑,民免而無恥。道之以德 , 齊之以禮,有恥且格 .” Education—“Six Arts” refer to rites 禮、 music 樂、 archery 射、 charioterring 禦、 calligraphy 書、 mathematics 數 3. The Decline of the Zhou dynasty A. The weakness in a decentralized political system: heavily rely on local vassals because of very limited administrative apparatus B. The backward economic system The well-field system ( 井田制 ) for agricultural labors: eight peasant houses around one central lot work jointly for the benefit of their lord Very few mention of money or trade...
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