HUMA241B_LectureSix - An autocratic and centralized state...

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HUMA 24 1B 13 /02/ 2008 Lecture Six Imperial Expansion from First Emperor to Wudi Terms and events: Nomadic pastoralism Xiongnu ( 匈奴 Huns) Barbarians 1. The rise of the steppe nomadic world When did the nomads begin to threat their sedentary neighbors—invention of cavalry around 800 B.C. The rise of the Xiongnu empire and its leader Maodun ( 冒顿 ) The battle of Baiden—300,000 Xiongnu cavalry defeated the Han emperor, who was forced to negotiate with the nomads. The first and longest steppe state in east Asian history Was the marriage treaty ( 和亲 ) a humiliation to the Chinese side? 2. The peak of the early Chinese imperialism: Emperor Wu Superiority of Chinese civilization in organization and technology
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Unformatted text preview: An autocratic and centralized state was immediately ready for expansion China’s greatest expansion at its height: the Empire's borders spanned from Kyrgyzstan in the west, to northern Korea in the northeast, and to northern Vietnam in the south. Costs of Wudi’s imperial expansion Han imperialism without Wudi—maintain a balance between domestic administration and imperial expansion Resistance from rural communities: Debate on Salt and Iron 3. Early Chinese imperialism Definition of ancient imperialism—empire building in an ancient world Means in Chinese empire building: violence against foreign people; occupation & colonization; ideology What set in motion ancient Chinese imperialism?...
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