HUMA241B 06/02/08 Lecture Three Debates on order and human nature PeopleConfucius孔子(551-479 B.C.) and Confucian儒家Sun Tzu孫子(544-496 B.C.) Mo Tzu墨子(470-391 B.C) Shang Yang(商鞅, 390-338 B.C.) Mencius孟子(371-289 B.C.) Chuang Tzu莊子(369-286 B.C.) Han Fei韩非(280-233 B.C) 1. The emergence of a common discourse: order and human nature Hundred Schools of Thoughts 諸子百家—Confucianism儒家、Mohists墨家、Taoists道家, Legalists法家，and military strategists兵家The origin of Ru儒and the development from Confucius to Mencius Human nature and the foundation of order in different visions The relationship between Benevolence (ren仁) and Human nature (xing性) 仁政and 士in Mencius’ version Challenges from both radical (military strategists, Mohism, and legalists) and conservative sides (Taoism, 農家): to avoid conflicts and disasters, human society should be organized or disorganized? 2. The rise of the legalist school
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