HUMA241B_LectureTwo

HUMA241B_LectureTwo - armored infantry Commanding supplying...

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HUMA241B 04/02/08 Lecture Two Competition in a multi-state system: military establishment from the Spring-Autumn to the Warring States period Terms & Dates Military revolution and state revolution chariot 戰車 infantry 步兵 Sun Tzu and Art of War Seven kingdoms in the Warring States period 戰國七雄 1. Battles and Chinese armies before the Spring-Autumn period Warfare as aristocratic game 三代軍事,以禮為固 The emergence of bronze weapons (swords, arrows and axes); Development of chariots in battles— 牧野之戰 (1027 century B.C.); Very limited sizes of the armies and the battle that often lasted shorter than a day. 2. The military revolution Armaments—lance/spear , halberd . Iron was used to make the blade of the sword. The crossbow , the most dreadful weapon The siege warfare and the increase use of infantry and cavalry Size of armies—the largest Spring and Autumn army would have numbered no more than 30,000 men, while when Qin began to conquest China, it claimed to own 100,000
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Unformatted text preview: armored infantry Commanding, supplying and communication Military professionals: Wu Qi 吳起 Art of War 孫子兵法 and military science in ancient China "What is of the greatest importance in war is extraordinary speed: One cannot afford to neglect opportunity." "Know the enemy and know yourself; in a hundred battles you will never be in peril. When you are ignorant of the enemy, but know yourself, your chances of winning or losing are equal. If ignorant both of your enemy and yourself, you are certain in every battle to be in peril." 3. Competition for Survival in a Multi-state System Politics is about wars 《春秋》、《左傳》 concentrate on recording military conflicts. 春秋無義戰 — 孟子 The State Revolution: warfare, state power and the new rulership The emergence of markets, merchants and money and their importance to military mobilization: the case of Guan Zhong ( 管仲 , 725 BC-645 BC)...
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