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ART AND POWER - ART AND POWER 9/19 RUSSIAN PROFESSOR There...

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ART AND POWER 9/19 RUSSIAN PROFESSOR. There are some articles on electronic reserve on SAKAI. Go to course name, enter her email address as the email address, and then the password is Benjamin. Today is an introduction about various periods we will be discussing in this semester, and then I will answer whatever questions you have. WHAT IS TRULY EXTRAORDINARY is that during the Soviet era with draconian government and so much military spending, SPENT SO MUCH TIME ON CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT – even in the most critical moments of terror or war, the routine apparatus of control over cultural measures contined to function. Indeed decisions were taken of a minor order, who would run a literary journal were made by STALIN and by the Central Commission of the Communist Party governed cultural life in Ukraine. Decision on cultural matters tended to be made by leadership of the party, and in making them they cohered to regulations by the party. Soviet government was dedicated to the implementation of its principles: the distinction between culture and something else was so defined, for example, of a particular architectural style for building treated as ideological issues. This is a fine historian who tell MOSCOW – the architect who created the design for the building did two completely separate designs for the building, and he showed those to Stalin’s, and Stalin didn’t understand that there were two different designs for the building, and because of the time, this architect was so frightened to go back to Stalin and explain about the different designs, so the architect had to combine the completely unrelated designs in one building – MOSCOW Even looking at this one example, you can see how the government really controlled everything in terms of culture at the time. The Bolshevik leaders had assumed power that overthrew the state structures, and they were elected by democratic process, therefore their legitimacy was based on manifesting the principles in the belief system: the improvements of national economy and well being of the citizens as indications of their progressions to communism. Their major pre- occupations was how to make the values of the Soviet nations. What is peculiar about the Soviet example is the need to create new objects – the leaders of the Soviet state understood the power of art, and their attempt was to control and direct it in every way possible. Even such subjects as children’s literature was under very strict control of the govnerment. In the 20s, there was a belief that proletarian children don’t need to read fairy tales, because it takes them away from reality, and they think that they can have wonderful things, and there was a new time of children’s book which was known as the PRODUCTION GOOD; they had to read about FIVE YEARS PLAN, about the effectiveness, and fairytale was practically forbidden. I will go over it during this course, and I will show you many examples, but this is just one of the examples of how the government took control of everything in the cultural sphere.
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This FIRST PERIOD is called the Bolshevization of Culture – 1917 – 1932. It will be
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