marxist theory - MARXIST THEORY 1/18 Overview of the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
MARXIST THEORY 1/18 Overview of the historical situation in which Marx and Engels were writing – poverty – people did not care about Dicken’s style, they cared about his political insinuations regarding the extreme forms of poverty – we have Rutgers, because we are bourgeois. England was the most advanced country, and we talk about the possible transformation of their condition. We’ll talk about Marx, before Marxism – what we his influences as a young person, what made it possible for him to develop this kind of historical perspective to analyze something. 2. We’re reading the Manifesto LOL. Communist Manifesto was written in a context – the international revolution of 1848 – there is a pretty good case for saying that this revolution constitutes the single, dominant, historical moment – you can make an argument about it being the determinable historical point for Europe and for the rest of the world – it would result in the anticipation of what would be called Fascism, which would be impossible without some guy, who was responsible for the actions of 1848. We will then see, how, with the crushing of these revolutions, Marx and Engels retreat inward – they turn their back on the organization that gave rise to this pamphlet, to whom they wrote it, and they turned instead to a new approach. You can make an argument that the Communist Manifesto is one little blip in the screen on the tradition of Marx – Marx and Engels wrote 40 volumes of stuff. They looked at this in the computer, and Kevin said they found like three or four mistakes. FORTY VOLUMES. NO COMPUTERS, NO MISTAKES. You can make an argument that it is one blip on the screen – by 1861 to 1864, (we think of with 1861 the CIVIL WAR, and with 84 we have the rise of the first working class parties in Europe) Marx wrote a famous letter to Lincoln, supporting the North. Now Marx begins to imagine a different form of organization called the first international in 1871. Uprising in Paris, War between France and Russia, and out of that comes the emergence of modern social democracy. We think of roughly 1875 – What happens in 1875? What would strike you about that period? INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. First, the cotton gin, steamboat – 1830s and 1840s –what do you get going into the 1780s? Who was the hero from 1879 to 1914 – HENRY FORD! This is where you get the great factories emerging, you get people coming from the country side into the town, you get the emergence of these mass productions – now you have the great company town – Hershey Pennsylvannie, Chicago, CHARLIE CHAPLIN “MODERN TIMES” not to know Chaplin is not to know the greatest artist in the 20 th century. Standarization of production – emergence of the modern proletariat – BIG TIME – the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course POLI SCI 377 taught by Professor Stephenbronner during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 99

marxist theory - MARXIST THEORY 1/18 Overview of the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online