BELOW ARE TWO SAMPLES OF A PAPERS
AN A PAPER (PAPER 1):
The Solitary Stroller and her Thoughts
Cities house a vast variety of people who celebrate their own cultures and who carry out
their everyday activities.
The anonymity and variety that cities have to offer, as well as the
culturally diverse people, inspire Rebecca Solnit.
In her essay,
The Solitary Stroller and the
she explores the relationship between the city and its inhabitants while walking on the
streets and through the experiences of other historical authors.
Through her own experience and
through the experiences of the historical authors, she argues that the city fosters an environment
that influences the way people behave physically, mentally, and socially.
However, a close
examination of Solnit’s essay suggests otherwise: the walker’s mentalities dictate their physical
movements and social behavior.
Based on her diction, quotations, and personal experiences, Solnit argues that the city and
its environment influences how its inhabitants stroll, socialize, and think.
In her introduction,
Solnit argues that the architecture and design shape how people physically stroll by stating that
“In great cities, spaces as well as places are designed and built: walking, witnessing, being in
public, are as much part of the design and purpose as is being inside to eat, sleep, make shoes or
love or music” (576).
The emphasis on “great cities” in the first clause shows that Solnit
strongly believes that the best-designed cites distinguish themselves from others because they
play major roles in animating the lives of its inhabitants.
More specifically, the structure and
design improves urban life because they streamline the way people perform everyday activities
such as walking and being in public.
Thus, through her diction, Solnit argues that the cities with
well-designed streets enliven the way people move.
Solnit also argues that the city affects how
its people interact with others.
She promotes this argument by citing Rudofsky’s idea that the
architecture and design changes how people socially engage with each other.
“It simply never occurs to us to make streets into oases rather than deserts…The most refined
street coverings, a tangible expression of civic solidarity-or, should one say, of philanthropy, are
Apart from lending unity to the streetscape, they often take the place of the ancient
Just as oases serve as stops for nomads to rest, drink water, and meet strangers,
so do the arcades serve as places for strangers to congregate and socialize with each other.
contrast, both deserts and highways make meeting new people more difficult.
In both cases
however, the environment directly changes how people socially interact with each other.
purpose of this analogy is to emphasize the roles that cities play in people’s social lives, which
strengthens Solnit’s point.
By citing Rudofsky, Solnit argues that an urban environment strongly