20th century political thought 10:5

20th century - Laying out the reason for the workers to become aware of their position and to become dissatisfied to try to Gives a great

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Laying out the reason for the workers to become aware of their position and to become dissatisfied to try to Gives a great definition of capitalism The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt to explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory underlying this movement. It argues that class struggles, or the exploitation of one class by another, are the motivating force behind all historical developments. Class relationships are defined by an era's means of production. However, eventually these relationships cease to be compatible with the developing forces of production. At this point, a revolution occurs and a new class emerges as the ruling one. This process represents the "march of history" as driven by larger economic forces. Modern Industrial society in specific is characterized by class conflict between the bourgeoisie and proletariat. However, the productive forces of capitalism are quickly ceasing to be compatible with this exploitative relationship. Thus, the proletariat will lead a revolution. However, this revolution will be of a different character than all previous ones: previous revolutions simply reallocated property in favor of the new ruling class. However, by the nature of their class, the members of the proletariat have no way of appropriating property. Therefore, when they obtain control they will have to destroy all ownership of private property, and classes themselves will disappear. The Manifesto argues that this development is inevitable, and that capitalism is inherently unstable. The Communists intend to promote this revolution, and will promote the parties and associations that are moving history towards its natural conclusion. They argue that the elimination of social classes cannot come about through reforms or changes in government. Rather, a revolution will be required. The Communist Manifesto has four sections. In the first section, it discusses the Communists' theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie. The second section explains the relationship between the Communists and the proletarians. The third section addresses the flaws in other, previous socialist literature. The final section discusses the relationship between the Communists and other parties. Class is rigid and cannot be overcome Destroyed affection Personal worth is reduced down to an exchange value Everything has a price Blames the industrial revolution more connected global trade and markets good thing but it reduced the individual worker's value Workers were living day to day See themselves as seperate class is imperative the movement Definition of Borgeoise Private property needs to be done away with There would be no money Eventually there would be no government in pure communism He did not believe in nationalism it created divide and furtherened class struggles Globally people should join together no countries
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A revolution will be required to do away with capitalism Communism maximises their capabilities and their ingenuity
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course POLITICAL 10032 taught by Professor Inguidcreppel during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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20th century - Laying out the reason for the workers to become aware of their position and to become dissatisfied to try to Gives a great

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