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World Civ Test one notes

World Civ Test one notes - Paleolithicpeople(400,000BC...

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World Civ Test one notes  20:58 Paleolithic people (400,000 BC) Hunters and gatherers  Moved around depending on food Caves=best choice  Strata=layers in caves people left behind over water Drawings inside of caves –animals and sometimes hunters 10,000BC- change gradually into Neolithic  people begin saving food to grow crops saving animals to breed beginnings of Sedentary Life-farms begin to appear Neolithic People Sophisticated tool makers Domesticators of plants and Animals Village Dwellers Traders Makers of baskets, and pots and become weavers (make cloth) Chalcolithic Era- between 3&2000 BC Use of copper Mesopotamia-Modern day Iraq “land between two Rivers”
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Between Euphratus and Tigris Rivers Euphratus River: “copper” most trading is down it Tigris River “arrow” easier to sail down Fertile Crescent Land between rivers Fertile and green No building material Mesopotamian Culture: Irrigation Mud brick Trade Improved farming Cities (with walls)-palaces and temples Ziggurats=temples-tall because gods are closer to mountain tops Writing-Cuniform Sumerians-7000-6000BC Came from mountains
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Invention of writing-Cuniform Starts with accountants Rebus=drawing pictures to make words Next step=Ideograms=conventionalized signs that were generally known to represent  ideas Next step=Phonetic=signs to represent sounds First epic poem-Epic of Gilgamesh King of Sumerian city Uruk Wanted eternal life  Tried to get immortality but loses it Got sad  Killed himself Patriarchal people Power held by older adult male Akkad-takes over Sumer (2331 BC) SargonII=king at time Led armies to Med. Spreading Meso. Culture throughout fertile crescent Semites-people related by Semitic language Ex) Hebrew, Arabic,etc. Giant Drought (2300 BC) Wipes out Akkadians Babylobn-takes over Akkad
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Take much of the culture of Sumerians and Akkad Hammurabi-King of Babylons Best known for Hammurabi’s Code Laws of the Land Shows power of king God-Shamash giving Hammurabi laws on top of laws Egypt-3100-30 BC 1 River- Nile (worshiped) Rich in Grain Limestone-building Gold Porphyry Potter’s clay Poor in Timber Copper 3000-1640BC=Neolithic and Chatholithic Egypt 2500 BC-Heiroglyphics-Writing 3100 BC king united Egypt Pharaoh-“Big House” (Per A O)
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A god who represented god to man A man who represented mankind to gods A Horus Spokesperson for mankind at death Old Kingdom (2660-2180 BCE) Pharaoh totally in charge Pyramids building by slaves Tombs for pharaohs Inscribed with religious texts and spells from book of the dead Prosperity Artistic Flowering Evolution of Religious beliefs Poly Theistic  Revolt and Drought cause loss of control of Delta= 1 st  Intermediate 
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