Abortion Slides

Abortion Slides - An Overview of Abortion in the United...

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An Overview of Abortion in the United States Developed by Physicians for Reproductive Choice and Health (PRCH) and the Guttmacher Institute © January 2008
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Objectives Provide an overview of unintended pregnancy and abortion in the United States. Review the incidence of pregnancy and abortion. Identify who has abortions, why and when in pregnancy. Review the safety of abortion. Discuss provision of and access to abortion services. Provide a comparative international perspective on abortion.
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Incidence of Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion
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Pregnancies in the United States (Approximately 6.4 Million Annually) 51% 49% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Unintended Intended Source: Finer et al., 2006 (2002 data) % of pregnancies
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Outcomes of Unintended Pregnancies (Approximately 3.1 Million Annually) 48% 52% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Abortions Births Source: Finer, 2006 (2002 data) % of unintended pregnancies (excluding miscarriages)
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Incidence of Abortion In 2005, 1.21 million pregnancies were terminated by abortion in the United States. Almost 2% of all women aged 15–44 had an abortion in 2005. Abortion is one of the most common surgical procedures in the United States. Source: Jones et al., 2008
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Abortion Rates Among Women Aged 15–44 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 Source: Jones 2008 Abortions per 1,000 women
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Incidence of early medication abortion, 2005 Early medication abortion accounted for 13% (161,100) of all abortions, an increase from 6% in 2001. An estimated 22% of eligible abortions (those performed up to 9 weeks) were early medication abortions. 57% of all known providers offer this service, compared to 33% in early 2001. Source: Jones et al., 2008
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Disparities in Unintended Pregnancy Overall unintended pregnancy rates have stagnated, yet… Unintended pregnancy has increased by 29% among poor women while decreasing 20% among higher-income women. Source: Finer et al., 2006 (2002 data)
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The 16% of women at risk of unintended pregnancy who are poor … Poor , 30% Poor , 16% … account for 30% of unintended pregnancies Source: Boonstra et al., 2006 Poor Women Account for a Disproportionate Share of Unintended Pregnancies
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Black Women Account for a Disproportionate Share of Unintended Pregnancies Black, 14% The 14% of women at risk of unintended pregnancy who are black … … account for 26% of unintended pregnancies Black, 26% Source: Boonstra et al., 2006
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Hispanic Women Account for a Disproportionate Share of Unintended Pregnancies Hispanic, 14% The 14% of women at risk of unintended pregnancy who are Hispanic … … account for 22% of unintended pregnancies Hispanic, 22% Source: Boonstra et al., 2006
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Reasons for Abortions
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Terminating an Unwanted Pregnancy Concern for/responsibility to other individuals 74% Cannot afford a baby now 73% A baby would interfere with school/ employment/ability to care for dependents 69% Would be a single parent/
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course HLTH 471 taught by Professor Carolynvoorhees during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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Abortion Slides - An Overview of Abortion in the United...

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