Eating disorders

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Unformatted text preview: UNDERSTANDING U NDERSTANDING EATING DISORDERS Culture : Impact on Your Relationship Culture : Impact on Your Relationship with Your Body? There are 3 billion women who do not look like supermodels And only 8 hundred who do Today, models weigh 23% less than the average woman 20 years ago, models weighed 8% less than the average woman The average American woman is 5’4”, weighs 144 lbs and wears size 12 1 out of 3 college aged women has a disturbed relationship with food After 30 minutes looking at a fashion magazine 70% of women reported feeling depressed, guilty and ashamed Societal Influence… Societal Influence… • Effortless beauty..really? http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1731 • It starts young.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ytjTNX9cg0 Entertainment Acting/Advertising Modeling Eating Disorder continuum.. Eating Disorder continuum.. • http://www.dining.ilstu.edu/downloads/Eating% Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa Identified and named in 1674 by Gull ­ Loss of 15% or more body weight ­ Extreme fear/phobia of gaining weight ­ Distorted body image ­ Disturbed interoceptive awareness ­ Amenorrhea – loss of menses ­ Obsessive focus on body and weight Bulimia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa • Recurrent episodes of binge eating • Usually normal or slightly above normal weight • Fears loss of control over food • Self­evaluation unduly influenced by body shape & weight • Purging at least 2 times per week for 3 months • Recurrent compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain – self­induced vomiting, fasting, over­exercise, use of purgatives • Binges consist of quantities larger than normal meal Personality Traits Comparison Personality Traits Comparison Restricting Anorexics Bulimics without AN history • 50% of anorexics become bulimic • Normal or near normal weight • Passive, Avoidant • Dramatic, Histrionic, Reactive, Impulsive • Socially retreating • Extroverted, social • Socially immature • Socially dissociative • Anxious – overly serious • Comorbid Depressive, Bipolar &/or • Anxiously Perfectionistic Anxious traits • Anxiously Narcissistic • Risk­taking, sensation­seeking, appearance obsession ADHD Extreme Internal locus of control • • Excessive External control orientation • Oldest or youngest children • Family history addictions • Conflict­phobic family Family history obesity • Intact family with i...
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