2-Dutch_Flem_Mannerism

2-Dutch_Flem_Mannerism - Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611)...

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Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611) Born in Antwerp, Spranger had an extremely successful career of international dimensions in Rome (1567-75) and the Imperial capitals of Vienna (1575-81) and Prague (1681-1611). Venus and Mars (pen drawing), 1580s
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Some notes on the Emperor Rudolf II (reigned 1576-1612) Member of the famous Habsburg family of Austria, from which the Holy Roman Emperors had been drawn since the 15th century. Rudolf’s capital was the Czech city of Prague, which became a major international art center during his reign. Shy, remote, superstitious, and eccentric, Rudolf had a disastrous reign. But he was the greatest art collector of the age. He was also a passionate patron of contemporary artists, including the sculptor De Vries and the painter Spranger. Most of Spranger’s surviving works were made for Rudolf during his 30-year stay in Prague. In addition to art, Rudolf was also interested in chemistry and astronomy (as well as alchemy and astrology). Among other things, he was a patron of the great astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler.
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Spranger, Venus and Mars , 1580s Jan Muller, engraving after Adriaen de Vries’s Mercury and Psyche
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Venus and Mars (pen drawing), 1580s Venus and Adonis (painting), 1590s Spranger
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Detail Venus and Adonis (painting), 1590s Spranger
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Spranger, Hermaphroditus and Salmacis , 1580s Giambologna, Venus-Astronomy , 1570s
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Spranger, Hermaphroditus and Salmacis , 1580s Detail
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Modern map of the Netherlands Map of the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands in 1609 In 1585, Mannerism broke out like an epidemic in Haarlem, about 12 miles west of Amsterdam in the province of Holland, and soon spread to Utrecht, the capital of its own province though located only 25 miles southeast of Amsterdam.
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Some notes on Carel Van Mander (1548-1606) Born in Antwerp, Van Mander worked in Rome and Vienna as a young man, and in both places he was in contact with Spranger. Returning to the Netherlands, he settled in Haarlem in 1583, at age 35. In Haarlem Van Mander became closely associated with the painter Cornelis and the printmaker Goltzius. Together, they formed the so-called Haarlem Academy, an informal art school whose precise character remains unknown. Van Mander was a painter, but his paintings are rare and inconsistent in style.
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course ARTH 4427 taught by Professor Zucker during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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2-Dutch_Flem_Mannerism - Bartholomeus Spranger (1546-1611)...

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