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Unformatted text preview: Notes for Late Victorian Holocaust Preface -> Severe drought from 1876-1879 over much of Asia, impact was famine Ulysses S. Grant and his family took an extravagant vacation all over Europe, were reported for Herald readers by John Russel Young. While people were struggle to make ends meet. times are hard, forcing them far from their homes. The Nile has been bad, and when the Nile is bad, calamity comes and the people go away to other villages. (pg 3) Young noted how the British burdened the poor and famished with the countries foreign debt. More than 5 million Indians had died due to famine in the last 3 years Epic drought and famine in: Egypt, China, and India Famine reported in Java, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Korea, Brazil, Southern Africa, and the Mahgreb. 1889-1891: another drought brought famine to India, Korea, Brazil & Russia. 1896-1902: monsoons in northern China, brought malaria, bubonic plague, dysentery etc.. and killed millions. 30-50 million victims were taken from drought, famine and disease: estimated famine mortality chart (pg 7) modern historians have ignored the late Victorian droughts and famines source of famine due to failure of crops, people were unable to afford the crops. (quote from Polanyi on source of famines pg9) Indians had a market economy forced upon them, which made labor and land commodities, they died because their village community had been destroyed (pg10). There was crop failure and water shortages but there was also grain surpluses in other parts of the country that could have saved drought victims. Three massive and implacable cogwheels of modern history. 1) fatal meshing of extreme events between the world climate system and the late Victorian world economy. 2) The 1870s linked weather and price perturbations through the medium of international grain market (pg. 12) 3) The New Imperialism; each global drought was an opportunity for imperialists to move in on a failing country (last pg. 12) The decline of the Qing granary and flood- control systems, internal structure of Indias cotton and wheat export sectors, the role of racism in regional development in nineteenth-century Brazil may have led to the famine (pg.15) Finish typing Blue sheet notes!!! Chapter 1: The worsening depression in world trade had been spreading misery thru cotton exporting districts of the Deccan. (pg. 26) Forest enclosures and the displacement of gram by cotton had greatly reduced local food security. (pg. 26) Surplus of grain from the Irrawaddy delta that was being sent to Britain as Indian peasants starved. (pg. 26) Railroads didnt get food to the places that needed it instead were used by merchants to ship grain to for profit. (pg.26)merchants to ship grain to for profit....
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- Fall '08