Aristotle notes

Aristotle notes - 2/22/11 Philosophy Aristotles Nicomachean...

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2/22/11 Philosophy Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Greek translation of “happiness” à eudemonia - internally floursihing Nicomachean - nothing special about the name. just some guys name - either his son’s or one of his students Ethos - habit à Aristotle states “ethics” mean to habituate your actions so that they are good Virtue ethics - what ethics Aristotle hopes to define. - Ethics that are good and virtuous Aristotle’s first book (Alpha) Concerned with The good (the end) - that for the sake of which anything is done “Every art, inquiry, actions is sought to aim at some good.” -everything that we do is done for the sake of something. - “the good” = the end. The end result of an action “Although we perform different actions to get different results (carpentry to have a table, exercising to be fit), there must be some ultimate reason why we do all things” - this thing is happiness. The purpose of doing anything is to achieve some sort of happiness. No matter how thoughtful or mindless, the ultimate goal is happiness. -Aristotle believes that we can achieve happiness much more easily if we identify it. Without identifying it we are like “archers without a target.” Ethics are ultimately a political concern. - in order to live within a society we need to adhere to certain things - ethics Happiness translates to “eudaimonia” - literally translation is “human flourishing” Can’t truly say if someone was happy until they’re dead bc until they die, something terrible can befall them (use example of prium in the Iliad) - happiness means an entire life, not just moments at a time. A virtuous life
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There are three lives in which we can live in. True happiness can be found in one of these The life of pleasure - refers mostly to physical pleasure - not worth talking about - Aris - pretty self evident The life of politics - a life of pursuing honor - honor is subjective to who is giving the honor - what if a scumbag says you are a good person? What does that say about you? - we want to be honored by virtuous people The life of contemplation - THE GENERIC GOOD (quiz) - “that for the sake of which” à simplest definition possible - applies to animals, humans, and everything. The Human Good (Hierarchy of goods) The 3 goods (all encompassing. Nothing outside of these 3 goods) **In order of least importance 3. Good for outcome, not good in itself 2. Good for its outcome, and also good in itself - both a means, and an end 1. Not good for any outcome, only good in itself (Happiness) - not a means to any further end. It is the end itself. The reason why you have done everything up until that point - good for itself, not for anything else. - the reason why we are also doing everything
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Aristotle notes - 2/22/11 Philosophy Aristotles Nicomachean...

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