april21 - -Any event that strengthens the behavior it...

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Response-Consequence Learning - Learning to associate a response with a consequence o Ex/ seal balances a ball on its head, gets fed a fish if done correctly. Thus, it will want to balance the ball all the time B.F. Skinner – Influential Behaviorist - Skinner’s experiments extend Thorndike’s thinking, especially his law of effect which states that rewarded behavior is likely to recur Operant chamber (Skinner box) – equipped with a bar or key, the animal inside would manipulate these objects to obtain food. It connected to devices that record the animal’s responses Shaping – operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior closer towards target behavior through successive approximation - Dolphins are used to find mines by the name by this method Types of reinforcement
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Unformatted text preview: -Any event that strengthens the behavior it follows o Positive reinforcement – adds a desirable stimulus (getting a paycheck) o Negative reinforcement – removes an aversive stimulus (fastening seatbelt to turn off beeping) Ratio schedules Fixed-ratio schedule: reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses Variable-ratio schedule: reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses. Hard to extinguish because of unpredictability (gambling, fishing) Interval Schedules Fixed-interval schedule: reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed (preparing for an exam only when it draws close) Variable – interval response: reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals. Produces slow steady responding (pop quiz)...
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This document was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course PSY 105 at DePaul.

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