may 5 - problem o Exhaust all possibilities to solve a...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Thinking aka cognition – process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering and communicating - Thinking is highly prone to errors - Thinking involves a number of mental activities: Concepts – mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. - Example: chair; there are number of different style of chairs in the building, but they are all commonly referred to as a chair - We organize concepts into category hierarchies (like a family tree of shit) Development of Concepts - We form some concepts by definitions (triangle has 3 sides) but mostly we form concepts by a mental image or a best example of that concept. This best example is called a prototype Problem Solving: Two main ways to solve problems - Algorithms: Methodical, logical rules or procedures that guarantee solving a particular
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: problem o Exhaust all possibilities to solve a problem-Heuristics: Simple thinking strategies that often all use to make judgments and solve problems efficiently. Speeder but more prone to error than algorithms o Simple, mental shortcuts Insight – sudden novel realization of a solution to a problem Confirmation Bias – looking for an answer to a problem that is similar to or most convenient to your ends. Mental Set Functional Fixedness – tendency to think of only the familiar function for objects, without imagining alternative uses Availability Heuristic – making judgments based on how easily we can bring the information to mind Framing decisions – how can issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments 2400 feet 3000 feet 33,000...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course PSY 105 at DePaul.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online