Personality

Personality - Personality A good place to start when...

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Personality A good place to start when attempting to understand personality is yourself. I am. . 1. Complex 2. Deep thinking 3. Open minded 4. Inquiring 5. Articulate 6. Bad at math 7. Lover 8. Listener 9. Introverted 10. Understanding 11. Curious 12. Friendly 13. Feeler 2. Lover Like to think Unmotivated Listener Personality - Organization of enduring behavior patterns that often serve to distinguish us from one another - Characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting - Enduring, consistent, and predictable - Personality psychologist study such things as determinism or free will, nature vs nurture
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Psychoanalytic perspective Freud’s Model of Mind - Like an iceberg with three parts - The psychoanalytic perspective suggests that there is a structure of the mind that includes the id, the superego and the ego. These structures struggle for control of the energy of the psyche. o The id attempts to have basic pleasure-seeking instincts satisfied o ego works to prevent the id from expressing itself inappropriately o superego which is similar to a conscience takes this job one step further by attempting to enforce societal, religious and/or parental values about right and wrong Sometimes, the drives of the id slip out (the infamous Freudian slip) and are evidenced by slips of the tongue and dreams. - Many insights revealed by psychoanalytic treatment have formed the basis for other treatment programs in child psychiatry, family therapy, and general psychiatric practice - As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. These unconscious factors have the potential to produce unhappiness, which in turn is expressed through a score of distinguishable symptoms, including disturbing personality traits, difficulty in relating to others, or disturbances in self-esteem or general disposition - Freud would use tactics such as free association and dream analysis to exercise his psychoanalysis o In dream analysis there are two types of content - Latent content – underlying, unconscious desires in dream - Manifest content – actual events that occur in dream Personality Development - Freud believed that personality formed during life’s first few years and divided them into psychosexual stages. During these stages the id’s pleasure seeking energies focus on pleasure sensitive body areas called erogenous zones Freud’s psychosexual stages 1. Oral – 0-18 months, pleasure centers on the mouth
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a. Babies who are orally overindulged might lead to a fixation on this oral stimulation later in life 2. Anal – 18-36 months, pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control 3. Phallic – pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings 4. Latency – ages 6-puberty, dormant sexual feelings 5. Genital – puberty on, maturation of sexual interests Defense Mechanisms of the Ego - Ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
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Personality - Personality A good place to start when...

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