CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL

CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE - CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL Social control social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behavior in terms of

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CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL Social control - social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behavior, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards. - also designate the processes of informal social control such as custom - and formal social control such as law of deviant behavior which falls beyond the bounds set by social norms. Social control is present in all societies, if only in the control mechanisms used to prevent its establishment in anarchic situations. Conformity - action in accord with prevailing social standards, attitudes, practices, etc. Obedience - the act or practice of obeying; dutiful or submissive compliance Milgram’s Shock Experiment- probably on final. Google that shit Deviant Behavior - sociological context describes actions or behaviors that violate cultural norms including formally-enacted rules (e.g., crime) as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways) Functionalists argue that deviance is a common part of human existence. Has positive and negative effects on social stability - positive effect: defines the limits of acceptable behavior. People know what not to do Anomie - According to Durkheim, anomie is a breakdown of social norms and it is a condition where norms no longer control the activities of members in society. Individuals cannot find their place in society without clear rules to help guide them. Changing conditions as well as adjustment of life leads to dissatisfaction, conflict, and deviance Interactionist - people act toward things based on the meaning those things have for them; and these meanings are derived from social interaction and modified through interpretation - learn deviance by seeing others do that Social Stigma - severe social disapproval of personal characteristics or beliefs that are perceived to be against cultural norms. **Erving Goffman defined stigma as the process by which is normal
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TABLE 8-2: TYPES OF DEVIANCE APPROACH THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE PROPONENTS EMPHASIS Anomie Functionalist Emile Durkheim Robert Merton Adaptation to societal norms Cultural transmission/ differential association Interactionist Edwin Sutherland Patterns learned through others Labeling/ Social constructionist Interactionist Howard Becker Societal response to acts Social disorganization Interactionist Clifford Shaw Henry McKay Societal response to acts` Conflict Conflict Richard Quinney Dominance by authorized agents Discretionary justice Feminist Conflict/Feminist Freda Adler Meda Chesney-Lind Role of gender Women as victims and perpetrators Chapter 9: Stratification and Social Mobility in the United States Stratification - structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society U.S. is now a society where we live to work, not work to live. Stratification of status: ascribed and achieved status
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CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE - CHAPTER 8 DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL Social control social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behavior in terms of

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