UCB2 - The Origins and Purposes of High-Stakes Testing Why...

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Unformatted text preview: The Origins and Purposes of High-Stakes Testing Why Democrats (!@#$?) Support NCLB OR Copyright Kathy Emery 2005 1989 Business Roundtable’s Annual Meeting CEO’s agree to transform public K-12 education around The following “goals” • OUTCOME-BASED EDUCATION • HIGH EXPECTATIONS FOR ALL • STRONG AND COMPLEX ASSESSMENTS • REWARDS AND PENALTIES Copyright Kathy Emery 2005 1995 Business Roundtable’s Publication Nine Essential Components of a Successful Education System • Site-based decision making • Professional development • Learning readiness • Parent Involvement • Technology • Safety and Discipline • State content standards • State mandated tests • Rewards and sanctions Copyright Kathy Emery 2005 National BRT engineers “alignment” 1989 to 2001 National BRT AFT Co-opt teacher unions ED TRUST • Attack opponents of high- stakes testing as racist • Co-opt school counsellors PUBLIC AGENDA Feed newspaper reporters story lines BCER Coalition of 13 national business organizations STATE BRTs Lobby state legislatures ECS Co-opt governors CORPORATE FOUNDATIONS Set up new and co-opt existing research institutes at universities Copyright Kathy Emery 2005 American Federation of Teachers (from 1996 BRT publication, A Business Leader’s Guide to Setting Academic Standards ) “Examples of Ineffectual, Unclear or Poorly Written Standards: The following selections of standards are cited by the American Federation of Teachers as examples of what to avoid. The AFT criticizes these standards for being confusing , not academic enough and overly focused on skills at the expense of knowledge . . . . Many of the standards below met objections from members of the public and business community and were rewritten as a result.” “Students will demonstrate the ability to examine problems and proposed solutions from multiple perspectives ” (Missouri’s Standards, Draft, 1995). Education Commission of the States 1999 “ECS Priorities”: Data must be disaggregated so no student falls through the cracks Flexibility with de-centralized decision-making, charter schools, and collaborate with federal government’s Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration Project State system of high standards and assessment , incentives, rewards and sanctions • “Achievement gap” rhetoric • College-prep curriculum for all • K-16 alignment through high school exit exams • “In June 2003, the Education Trust and MetLife Foundation established the National Center for Transforming School Counseling (NCTSC). This new Center continues the work supported by the Dewitt Wallace- Reader’s Digest Fund and MetLife Foundation to ensure school counselors across the country are trained and ready to help ALL groups of students reach high academic standards .” (from website) Education Trust A “non -partisan, non-profit” organization branding any OPPONENT of high-stakes testing AS RACIST! How to Handle the Backlash?How to Handle the Backlash?...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2011 for the course PLSI 200 taught by Professor Schendan during the Spring '08 term at S.F. State.

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UCB2 - The Origins and Purposes of High-Stakes Testing Why...

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