mythlec1-2 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 1 1)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 1 1) Introduction to the course -- goals, exams, texts -- names of the gods 2) Geography and history of Greece -- 3000-2000 = EB; 2000-1600 = MB; 1600-1200 = LB -- Minoan civilization: trade, seapower -- Cnossos and Minos -- ends ca. 1400 -- Thera -- ca. 2000, arrival of Greek-speakers in Greece, Mycenaean civilization, relation to Minoan -- see link between later myths/sagas and Mycenaeans, esp. in strongholds, e.g., Mycenae, Thebes, Argos, Tiryns, Pylos -- Troy -- was there a Trojan war? -- Troy 7A -- ca. 1200, end of Bronze Age, beginning of Dark Age -- 9th and 8th centuries, rise of epic 3) Homer -- historical or not? -- itinerant bards -- writing: derived from Phoenicians -- alphabet -- other sources: tragic and comic poets of 5th c., Pindar, philosophers (Plato), Roman writers (Ovid, Apollonius, Pausanias) 4) Definition of myth: quote from ML; extended debate among modern scholars about myth and myth-making -- Kirk's 5 main theories: a. nature myths : animism, personification, anthropomorphism b. aetiology: from aition "cause" c. social charter : sets reason for customs, institutions, traditional beliefs, social order d. creative : provide magical or semi-magical revival of creative power e. ritual : myth derived from religious ritual – functionalism 5) Creation: source: Hesiod, Theogony , Ovid -- Hesiod probably near contemporary of Homer -- end of 8th c. -- Boeotian poet/farmer -- Works and Days thought superior -- Theogony begins with hymn to Muses -- daughters of Zeus and patron goddesses of arts 6) First Chaos -- then Earth ( Gaia or Ge), Tartarus (Underworld), and Eros (Love) -- from Chaos come Night and Erebos (Underworld), from these two come Day and Aither ("pure" air, opposed to aer ) -- from Gaia comes Ouranus, hills, and sea 7) Gaia and Ouranos produce ocean and 11 other Titans -- hieros gamos , sky-god impregnates earth -- fertility -- also produces Cyclopes and other monsters (the 100-armed) -- Cyclops produce lightning and thunder bolts -- see parody in Birds of Aristophanes (with links to Orphism) 8) The Titans : Ocean and Tethys produce rivers, springs, etc. -- Hyperion (sun-god) and Theia produce Helios (the main sun-god, who drives his chariot from the East across the sky to the West); story of Phaethon; Selene : moon-god; and Eos : dawn god (lover of Orion, Cleitus, Cephalus, and the Trojan mortal Tithones, for whom she forgot to ask immortal youth) 9) Ouranos and Gaia: Ouranos hides children in Gaia; she groans with the weight; tries to persuade children to attack father; Kronos agrees, is armed with sickle, and castrates Ouranos as he lies on Gaia
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-- from the blood come the Furies , giants, and nymphs -- from genitals comes foam, then goddess Aphrodite, who washes up on the shore of Cyprus 10) Night gives birth to various abstractions: Death, Sleep, Blame, Sorrow, Nemesis (retribution), Strife -- Titan Pontus (sea) produces Thaumas and Ceto, from whom come the Graeae and the Gorgons , then Pegasus -- birth of other monsters listed, e.g., Geryon, Cerberus, Hydra, Chimaera, Sphinx -- other rivers, goddess Hekate 11) Kronos and Rhea : produce gods and goddesses Hestia , Demeter , Hades , Poseidon , Zeus : Kronos eats them all (because of prophecy about being overcome by offspring: common motif); Gaia takes Rhea to Dictyaean Cave on Mt. Aegeum in Crete to give birth to Zeus; gives wrapped stone
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course CLASSICS 207 taught by Professor Professorumurhan during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 6

mythlec1-2 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 1 1)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online