mythlec5-6 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 5 1) Hades:...

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Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 5 1) Hades : brother of Zeus -- see in Homeric Hymn to Demeter a grim god who takes what he wants by force -- in addition to abduction of Persephone, we have story of his attempt on the nymph Minthe, again riding in chariot drawn by four black horses -- Persephone appears at the last minute and changes nymph into the plant mint (either to save her or trampling her in jealousy) -- Hades also made an attempt on the nymph Leuce, who was changed into the white poplar seen standing by the pool of Memory 2) Hades unwilling to let any of his “subjects” leave -- most hated of gods ( Iliad 9.158) – also see in Iliad (20.60-61) that he is unaware of what happens above, or in Olympos -- Roman names Pluto or Dis (wealthy one) -- realm called Orcus (“one or place that constrains”) 3) Mortals invoke him with oaths and curses -- prized possession is a helmet of invisibility given to him by the Cyclops when he consented to release them at order of Zeus (cf. Perseus)-- all underground riches are his (mines, gems, etc.) -- owns nothing above ground, except a few temples and possibly a herd of cattle (also said to belong to Helius) 4) Persephone -- already seen tale of her abduction in story of Demeter -- nonetheless serves as Queen of Underworld – has no children by Hades -- attended by Hecate, and prefers her company -- Zeus said to honor Hecate so much that he honors her ancient power to bestow (or withhold) any gift to mortals -- triple aspect: three heads (lion, dog, mare) and three bodies -- also see Artemis/Selene/Hecate statues -- “suppers” left to placate Hecate, as she was feared 5) Furies -- live in Erebus, are older than Zeus and other Olympians, as they arose from the blood of the severed genitals of Ouranos -- named Tisiphone, Alecto, and Megaera – also called Erinyes (sing. Erinys) -- hear charges of complaints brought by aged against young, parents against children, guests against hosts, and suppliants against those who have violated them -- punish culprits by hounding them relentlessly, from city to city, country to country -- depicted as crones -- snakes for hair, dogs’ heads, black bodies, bats' wings, blood-shot eyes -- carry scourges with brass studs, and torment victims to death -- most famously seen in story of Orestes, who killed his mother -- role mitigated by Apollo and Athena through agency of Areopagus of Athens -- put an end to this blood feud -- Erinyes now worshiped as Eumenide s (Kindly Ones: cf. Aeschylus) akin to calling Hades Pluto or Dis (Wealth) 6) Famous sinners of Hades (general notions of judgment to be discussed fully later): Tityus -- son of Gaia -- assaulted Leto on her way to Delphi -- shot by Leto’s son
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Apollo, and condemned to lie and have two vultures constantly tear at his liver (seat of passion) 7) Tantalus – parentage disputed – said to be son of Zeus or Tmolus (Lydian deity) – also said to be king of Corinth or Argos – also said to have traveled north from
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course CLASSICS 207 taught by Professor Professorumurhan during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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mythlec5-6 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 5 1) Hades:...

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