mythlec7-8 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 7 1) House...

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Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 7 1) House of Atreus : afflicted with curse that brought generation after generation of evil ― father of Atreus was Pelops: Pelops son of Tantalus, who lived in eternal torment in Hades for his crimes, among which he was supposed to have served Pelops to the gods 2) Pelops ― came to Greece from Asia Minor as a suitor for the hand of Hippodamia, daughter of Oenomaus, king of Pisa in Elis ― Oenomaus would race suitors in chariots from Elis to Isthmus of Corinth ― if he won, he would kill suitor ― thirteen suitors failed before Pelops ― Pindar ( Olympian 1) makes Pelops pray to Poseidon for aid ― Poseidon gives him golden chariot and winged horses with which he defeats Oenomaus ― better-known story seen has Pelops bribe Oenomaus' charioteer, Myrtilus, to loosen linchpins, so killing Oenomaus ― Pelops wins, and drives off with Hippodamia ― scene pictured on pediment of Olympia temple to Zeus ― as he died, Oenomaus cursed Myrtilus, that he might die at the hands of Pelops ― Pelops had promised half-kingdom and night with bride to Myrtilus as payment for treachery — Myrtilus wants his turn with Hippodamia, attempts an assault — Pelops throws him off a cliff, and Myrtilus curses him and his descendants — Pelops drives as far as Ocean, is purified by Hephaestus of the blood-guilt — Pelops returns to Elis, and rules it and surrounding area — called Peloponnese (The Island of Pelops) 3) Thyestes and Atreus — sons of Pelops, quarreled over Mycenae — oracle had promises it to a son of Pelops — possessor of golden-fleeced ram should become king — Euripides ( Electra ) has Pan bring fleece to Atreus — Thyestes seduces Atreus' wife, and takes fleece – comes to assembly-place and announces that he is king – Atreus sent into exile — Atreus eventually returns and exiles Thyestes – invites latter back — promises amnesty and half the kingdom — sets up banquet, at which he serves Thyestes' own children — Thyestes leaves again, cursing Atreus 4) Agamemnon and Aegisthus — sons of Atreus and Thyestes — Aegisthus result of incest between Thyestes and daughter Pelopia (supposedly at behest of oracle) — continues vendetta by having adulterous affair with wife of Agamemnon, Clytemnestra, while Agamemnon off at Troy — Clytemnestra eager for vengeance because Agamemnon had sacrificed daughter Iphigeneia at Aulis before leaving for Troy in order to obtain favorable winds — on return of Agamemnon with Cassandra, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus kill both — either at banquet ( Odyssey 11) or in bath (Aeschylus) — in the Agamemnon , Cassandra has seen her fate (and that of Agamemnon) but is powerless to do anything about it
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Greek and Roman Mythology : Lectures 7-8 5) Orestes — son of Agamemnon, sets out to avenge father's death by killing mother — according to Aeschylus, he was exiled to Phocis while Aegisthus ruled with Clytemnestra — returns and kills both with encouragement of sister Electra —
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This note was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course CLASSICS 207 taught by Professor Professorumurhan during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

  • Spring '10
  • ProfessorUmurhan
  • The Odyssey, Agamemnon, The Iliad, Prometheus Bound, Hospitality, Achilles, Athena, Menelaus, Nestor, Odysseus, Poseidon, Zeus, Book 1, Book 2, Fate, Odysseus, Telemachus, Penelope, Athena, Zeus, Poseidon, Achilles, Aeolus, Calypso, Circe, Charybdis, Eumaeus, Hermes, Laertes, Menelaus, Nestor, Polyphemus, Scylla, Tiresias, Book 1, Book 2, Athena, Hermes, Menelaus, Poseidon, Zeus

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mythlec7-8 - Greek and Roman Mythology Lecture 7 1) House...

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