Anthropolgy - Anthropolgy 1 Introducing Anthro a Biological...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anthropolgy 1. Introducing Anthro a. Biological a.i. Study of humans as biological organisms, evolution b. Archaeology b.i. Study of past human cultures and their material remains c. Linguistic anthropology c.i. Study of human communication, including its origins d. Cultural anthropology d.i. Study of peoples lives and their culture e. Applied anthropology e.i. Use of anthropology to solve problems or shape policy goals 2. Biological or physical anthropology a. Primatology a.i. Study of nonhuman members called primates b. Paleoanthropology b.i. Study of human evolution on basis of fossil record c. Contemporary human biological variation c.i. Look to find differences in biological makeup and behavior 3. Archaeology a. Goes back between 300-000 and 160,000 years ago b. Prehistoric b.i. Study of humans before written records c. Historical archaeology c.i. Humans with written documents d. Industrial archaeology d.i. Changes in material culture in society d.i.1. Look to conserve 4. Linguistic anthropology a. Historical linguistic a.i. Language over time and how they are related b. Descriptive linguistics b.i. How contemporary linguistics differ in structure c. Sociolinguistics c.i. Relationships of social variation, social context d. Some study power relationships and language 5. Cultural anthropology a. Learn about cultures by spending extended period of time there b. Economic anthro, political anthro study effects of development 6. Applied Anthropology: separate field or cross cutting focus a. Started after world war two b. Employed before construction to make sure there are no dig sites c. Biological anthro participate in criminal investigations d. Linguistic help improve standardized test for bilinguals e. Cultural help improve policies 7. Introducing Cultural Anthropology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
a. Makes us look at our own culture in a strange way from the outside 8. A brief history of cultural anthro a. Herodotus, marco polo, ibn khaldun b. Charles Darwin b.i. Biological anthro b.ii. Describes evolution c. Sir Edward tylor and sir james frazer lewis henry morgan c.i. Cultural evolution c.i.1. Cultures evolve from previous states d. Bronislaw Malinowski d.i. Functionalism d.i.1. Similar to biological where parts look to help society d.i.2. Religion and family contribute to culture d.ii. Holism d.ii.1. One must study all aspects of culture to understand it e. Franz boas e.i. Cultural relativism e.i.1. Must be viewed by the terms and values of that culture not another e.ii. After world war 2 more anthros e.ii.1. Started to believe environments could explain culture e.iii. French structuralism e.iii.1. Must collect cultures myths to analyze themes e.iii.1.a. Symbolic anthro f. Cultural materialism f.i. Emphasize material objects and how people make a living g. Interpretive anthropology g.i. Comes from symbolic and French structural g.i.1. Looks at cultures ideas and symbols h. Structurism h.i. Economics, poltics, media shape cultures even if they do not know i. Agency i.i. Free will to change culture by acting against the structures j. Add diversity j.i.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 29

Anthropolgy - Anthropolgy 1 Introducing Anthro a Biological...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online