COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM

COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM - COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM...

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COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 9, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15 Chapter 1 1. Communication : a systematic process in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings 2. 4 Features of Communication a. Process – ongoing, dynamic b. System – inter-relating parts affect each other b.i. Ex: the environment – people communicate differently in a living room vs. on a beach b.ii. A single change effects an entire system b.iii. Openness: extent to which a system affects or is affected by outside factors and process. More open = more factors influence b.iv. Homeostasis: systems strive to reach this c. Symbols : representations of other things. Used in communication. c.i. Abstract c.ii. Arbitrary c.iii. Ambiguous d. Meanings : the significance we bestow on phenomena and what they signify to us. We use symbols to create meanings. 3. Two Levels of Meaning a. Content Level Meaning – literal message b. Relationship Level Meaning – expresses relationship btwn communicators. Ex: positive or negative vibe 4. Models of Communication a. Linear Model: one-way process a.i. Noise: anything that interferes with the intended meaning; noise distorts communication b. Interaction Model : a sender and receiver who includes feedback b.i. Feedback : when listeners respond to senders b.i.1. Fields of Experience : similar fields of experience generate more understanding between talkers
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c. Transactional Model: sequential process, both talkers send and receive messages Chapter 2 5. Evolution of Communication a. Classical Roots a.i. Birth of democracy spurred interest in speaking/persuading a.ii. Rhetoric a.ii.1. Aristotle – Father of Communication a.ii.2. 3 Pillars of Persuasion = ethos, pathos, logos a.iii. WWII = turning point a.iii.1. Propaganda a.iii.2. Persuasion a.iv. 1960-1970s: social turmoil, Civil Richs Movement, Women’s Rights Movement (intrapersonal Communication) 6. 3 Methods Used to Research Communication a. Quantitative: main goal = to influence, using numbers b. Qualitative: main goal = to describe, analyzing text c. Critical: main goal = social awareness, looking for power/culture structures c.i. Triangulation : studying in multiple ways / perspectives, providing a more complete understanding 7. Unifying Themes: symbolic activities, meaning, and ethics Chapter 3 8. Perception and Perception Process a. Perception: active process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting a.i. Perception shapes our understand of communication and how we communicate b. Perception Process (selection, organization, interpretation) b.i. Selection: you selectively attend to what you defined as important in the moment, many other things going on around you you may be unaware of
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9. Organization and Attribution a.i. Organization: a.i.1. Constructivism: theory that we organize and interpret experience by applying cognitive schemata a.i.1.a. 4 Schemata a.i.1.a.i. Prototypes – ideal example a.i.1.a.ii. Personal Constructs – is a person intelligent
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course COM 134 at Miami University.

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COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM - COMMUNICATION 134 FINAL EXAM...

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