Hst111, test2 - 1 Alex Davis Study Guide Test 2 The...

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1 Alex Davis Study Guide Test 2 The revolutionary war Consequences: 7200 Americans died in battle 10000 died because of disease 8500 died in British prisons Northern States outlaw slavery States adopted written constitutions that granted religious freedom Increased legislatures size and powers Made taxation more progressive Reformed inheritance laws Northern/southern divide—eventually civil war Minute Men First coined Americanism Elite forces within militia Ready to take up arms in “one minute” Patriotism Unifying ideal 1175, april. Damage to british 49 americans, 75 british killed moved to boston, fought for boston Americans don’t get killed by first war engagement Guerilla warfare Gives America hope for success A conflict, not a revolution Moderate voice: Dickenson-> lead PA farmer letters Leads group of moderates Group of moderates send king of England “olive branch petition” (peace) King refuses to read it Angers moderates Produce document: declaration of causes and necessities of taking up arms First written by Thomas Jefferson—too radical, Dickenson rewrites Explains why should go to war People 2/5 of people were patriots—Americans side people of irish decent much of the patriots support came from urban areas rising country side was critical for patriots success—problems in rural new England
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2 40% tried to remain neutral Quakers, pacifists Political people Back country people Loyalists and Neutrals To british, Anglicans, rich people, fear of the mob, attachments to the crown, scott-irish immigrants Blacks and the War 2.5 million Americans, 500,000 black Many join british side for “freedom” Ethiopian: Liberty to slaves on shirts Many were rebels and fought Served integrated units -1950 The contradictions of Liberty Patrick Henry: 1775 British tax too much Give me liberty or give me death Compares British rule to slavery Ironic because he was a slave owner Reaction Native Americans remained neutral because will have problems either way Yet, Joseph Brant: league of Iroquois: Mohawk leader led both American Indians and white loyalists in battle Revolutionary Women Traveled with continental army Served army as spies for patriots Disguised selves as men and fought: republican motherhood Revolution: imperial squabble, revolution 1776-1783 Thomas Paines “Common Sense” Pubs and Bars were another way to hear info Can remake world, break from British July 4, 1776—Jeffersons declaration of independence Military goals Do not lose battles decisively: winning seemed unrealistic 1. Endurance was issue; hang on 2. War is story of brit action—us reaction 3. Victory: American endurance, brit blunders Continental Army Unorganized, untrained, but determined Mostly lower class Some enlisted, some stood in for wealthy Revolutionary war in north: new York Brit general thought Washington was going to surrender, but tricked: Valley Forge Revolutionary war in South Cornwallis, battles being lost (British)
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Hst111, test2 - 1 Alex Davis Study Guide Test 2 The...

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