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HST 111 – Exam 2

HST 111 – Exam 2 - HST 111 Exam 2 The...

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HST 111 – Exam 2 The Revolutionary War Consequences o Deaths due to war, disease, British prisons o ¼ of slaves in South Carolina and Georgia escape o Northern states outlaw slaver/adopt gradual emancipation plans o States adopt written constitutions that guaranteed religious freedom, increased size and power of the legislature, made more progressive taxes, and reformed inheritance laws Minutemen: elite forces within a militia o Patriotic: ex – always ready to fight for their country Lexington and Concord – first American victory o Guerrilla warfare o Bunker Hill The Olive Branch Petition: o John Dickenson – leader of group of moderates, they want to avoid war. o King refuses to read this petition – radicals gain control in Colonial Congress and write “The Declaration of Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms” o Crown Response = “Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition” The Revolution: War and Independance Population - o Patriots = 2/5s (many Irish, many Urban, countrymen rose up and were important to their success) o Neutral = 2/5s (Pacifists/Quakers, A-Politicals, back country folk) o Loyalists = attachment to the crown o African Americans Enslaved African Americans – many join the British side Free African Americans – fight on both sides, George Washington didn’t want blacks in the Army Ethiopian Regiment The First Emancipation Patrick Henry – compares British rule to slavery – “give me liberty or give me death”. However, he was a slave owner, purchases slaves during the revolution, and didn’t free them at his death. Native Americans in the South o Neutral o Dragging Canoe: Cherokee Fought on British side o Joseph Brant Mohawk Indian Chief
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Captain in British military League of the Iroquois breaks up over the Revolution (British vs. Patriots) Revolutionary Women o Thousands travel with the Continental Army, some serve as slaves, some dress up as men and fight The Revolution – From Imperial Squabble to Revolution Tom Paine – “Common Sense” (1776) Inspiration to break from British British response to the crisis further alienated many colonists Hired Hessian mercenaries After debate and revision, July 4, 1776 America declared for independence – Declaration of Independence – Thomas Jefferson Key Points – Revolutionary War Military Goal = not to lose battles, winning seemed unrealistic; endurance seemed to be an issue – “just hang on mentality” o Guerrilla warfare – they knew they wouldn’t win a traditional war o British Action and American reaction o Victory = American endurance and British blunders British officials never expected the colonies to withstand their military might o British sent 370 ships with 32,000 troops o Had support of thousands of Loyalists and Indian tribes hostile to white expansion o But never realized that, while they might win the battles they could never restore the allegiance of the Americans
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